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Health systems and services in low and middle income settings

Section edited by Dina Balabanova, Hengjin Dong, David Hotchkiss and Kaspar Wyss 

This section aims to publish research on health systems and services with a focus on research relevant to low and middle income settings as defined by The World Bank.

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  1. Content type: Research article

    Integrated Management of Childhood Illness (IMCI) is regarded as a standard public health approach to lowering child mortality in developing countries. However, little is known about how health workers adhere ...

    Authors: Carsten Krüger, Monika Heinzel-Gutenbrunner and Mohammed Ali

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2017 17:822

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Visual impairment is a public health problem in sub-Saharan Africa, affecting nearly 5% of the population. Efforts to combat avoidable causes have been hampered by weak health systems and little evidence exist...

    Authors: Emma Jolley, Milka Mafwiri, Joanna Hunter and Elena Schmidt

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2017 17:823

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Evidence for efficacy of cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT) in treatment of schizophrenia is growing. CBT is effective and cost efficient in treating positive and negative symptoms. To effectively meet the ne...

    Authors: Muhammed Omair Husain, Imran B. Chaudhry, Nasir Mehmood, Raza ur Rehman, Ajmal Kazmi, Munir Hamirani, Tayyeba Kiran, Ameer Bukhsh, Paul Bassett, Muhammad Ishrat Husain, Farooq Naeem and Nusrat Husain

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2017 17:808

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Organization of HIV care and treatment services, including clinic staffing and services, may shape clinical and financial outcomes, yet there has been little attempt to describe different models of HIV care in...

    Authors: Sharon Tsui, Julie A. Denison, Caitlin E. Kennedy, Larry W. Chang, Olivier Koole, Kwasi Torpey, Eric Van Praag, Jason Farley, Nathan Ford, Leine Stuart and Fred Wabwire-Mangen

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2017 17:811

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  5. Content type: Study protocol

    Metabolic syndrome (MetS), the clustering of multiple leading risk factors, predisposes individuals to increased risk for developing type 2 diabetes and/or cardiovascular disease (CVD). Cardio-metabolic diseas...

    Authors: Melinda J. Carrington and Paul Zimmet

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2017 17:813

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  6. Content type: Research article

    An in-depth understanding of how organizational culture is experienced by health workers (HWs), and influences their decisions to leave their jobs is a fundamental, yet under-examined, basis for forming effect...

    Authors: Constance Sibongile Shumba, Karina Kielmann and Sophie Witter

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2017 17:809

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Road traffic injuries (RTIs) are the eighth leading cause of death worldwide, with an estimated 90% of RTIs occurring in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) like Brazil. There has been minimal research in...

    Authors: Anjni Patel, João Ricardo Nickenig Vissoci, Michael Hocker, Enio Molina, Nelly Moraes Gil and Catherine Staton

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2017 17:804

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  8. Content type: Research article

    In health research, indicators of socioeconomic status (SES) are often used interchangeably and often lack theoretical foundation. This makes it difficult to compare results from different studies and to explo...

    Authors: Michael Fliesser, Jessie De Witt Huberts and Pia-Maria Wippert

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2017 17:800

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Within China’s multi-tiered medical system, many patients seek care in higher-tiered hospitals without a referral by a primary-care provider. This trend, generally referred to as patient self-referral behavior...

    Authors: Da Feng, Donglan Zhang, Boyang Li, Yan Zhang, Ray Serrano, Danxiang Shi, Yuan Liu and Liang Zhang

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2017 17:778

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Integrated community case management (iCCM) strategies aim to reach poor communities by providing timely access to treatment for malaria, pneumonia and diarrhoea for children under 5 years of age. Community he...

    Authors: Robin Altaras, Mark Montague, Kirstie Graham, Clare E. Strachan, Laura Senyonjo, Rebecca King, Helen Counihan, Denis Mubiru, Karin Källander, Sylvia Meek and James Tibenderana

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2017 17:785

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Understanding regional variation in patient satisfaction about healthcare systems (PHCs) on the quality of services provided is instrumental to improving quality and developing a patient-centered healthcare sy...

    Authors: Sanni Yaya, Ghose Bishwajit, Michael Ekholuenetale, Vaibhav Shah, Bernard Kadio and Ogochukwu Udenigwe

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2017 17:776

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Since the beginning of the HIV epidemic, numerous behavior change, risk-reduction, and biomedical interventions have been developed and tested. While some of these interventions have shown to be efficacious in...

    Authors: Brittni N. Howard, Richard Van Dorn, Bronwyn J. Myers, William A. Zule, Felicia A. Browne, Tara Carney and Wendee M. Wechsberg

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2017 17:746

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Understanding the implementation of 2013 World Health Organization (WHO) consolidated guidelines on the use of antiretroviral drugs for treating and preventing HIV infection at the facility level provides impo...

    Authors: Julie Ambia, Jenny Renju, Alison Wringe, Jim Todd, Eveline Geubbels, Jessica Nakiyingi-Miiro, Mark Urassa, Tom Lutalo, Amelia C. Crampin, Daniel Kwaro, Catherine Kyobutungi, Natsayi Chimbindi, F. Xavier Gomez-Olive, Malebogo Tlhajoane, Brian Njamwea, Basia Zaba…

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2017 17:758

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Global research suggests that persons with disabilities face barriers when accessing health care services. Yet, information regarding the nature of these barriers, especially in low-income and middle-income co...

    Authors: R. Vergunst, L. Swartz, K.-G. Hem, A. H. Eide, H. Mannan, M. MacLachlan, G. Mji, S. H. Braathen and M. Schneider

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2017 17:741

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Most previous studies on healthcare service utilization in low-income countries have not used a multilevel study design to address the importance of community-level women’s autonomy. We assessed whether women’...

    Authors: Fentanesh Nibret Tiruneh, Kun-Yang Chuang and Ying-Chih Chuang

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2017 17:718

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  16. Content type: Research article

    With the decline in funding for Viet Nam’s response to the HIV epidemic, there is a need for evidence on the criteria to guide the prioritization of HIV programs. There is a gap in the research on the relative...

    Authors: Ali Safarnejad, Milena Pavlova, Vo Hai Son, Huynh Lan Phuong and Wim Groot

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2017 17:719

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Our study aimed to design a tool of evaluating intersectional collaboration on Non-communicable Chronic Disease (NCD) prevention and control, and further to understand the current status of intersectional coll...

    Authors: Xing-ming Li, Alon Rasooly, Bo Peng, JianWang and Shu-yu Xiong

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2017 17:711

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Understanding individuals’ experience of accessing care and tending to various other needs during chronic illness in a rural context is important for health systems aiming to increase access to healthcare and ...

    Authors: Jovita Amurwon, Flora Hajdu, Dominic Bukenya Yiga and Janet Seeley

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2017 17:705

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  19. Content type: Research article

    This study centered on differences in medical costs, using the Taiwan diagnosis-related groups (Tw-DRGs) on medical resource utilization in inguinal hernia repair (IHR) in hospitals with different ownership to...

    Authors: Yu-Hua Yan, Chih-Ming Kung and Yi Chen

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2017 17:708

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  20. Content type: Research article

    From 1990 to 2015, the number of maternal deaths globally has dropped by 43%. Despite this, progress in attaining MDG 5 is not remarkable in LMICs. Only 52% of pregnant women in LMICs obtain WHO recommended mi...

    Authors: Anam Feroz, Shagufta Perveen and Wafa Aftab

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2017 17:704

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