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Table 2 Description of included studies

From: Response to symptoms of stroke in the UK: a systematic review

First author, yr published, Study type, data collection tool, year conducted Study participants (n=) Question(s) addressed Recruitment
    Awareness of symptoms Response to symptoms of stroke Beliefs & attitudes  
Salisbury[15] 1998 Prospective cohort Structured interview schedule 1997 Stroke patients (177) *   New and recurrent stroke admissions to one hospital over a 6 month period.
Carroll[18] 2004 Survey Stroke/TIA patients (40) * 3 groups: patients with a diagnosis of stroke or TIA admitted within previous 48 hours; at risk patients attending hypertension, diabetic and chronic renal failure out-patient clinics; patients and relatives on non medical wards and visitors to the hospital café.
  Structured interview schedule & open ended questions At risk patents (40)    
  2001/2 General public (40)   Response rates not given.
Townend[21] 2006 Mixed methods Structured interview & semi-structured interview 1 month after stroke & structured interview 9 months after stroke 2000/1 Stroke patients (89)    Patients admitted to hospital with a diagnosis of stroke.
Giles[22] 2006 Survey Structured interview schedule 2002/3 TIA patients (241) *   2 cohorts of patients with TIA: one from a population-based study of the incidence of TIA and stroke (Oxford vascular study) and the other of patients referred to hospital TIA out-patient clinics recruited over a 12 month period.
Lasserson [14] 2008 Survey Structured interview schedule 2002/6 Minor stroke/TIA patients (768)     A population based incidence study. Participants recruited from 9 general practices over a 4 year period (Oxford vascular study).
Shah[23] 2007 Survey Structured interview schedule 2002/3 Stroke patients & witnesses (103) * (patients only) Patients recently admitted with acute ischaemic stroke and witnesses.
Harraf[13] 2002 Observational study Structured proforma 2000 Stroke patients (739)     Consecutive patients admitted to 11 teaching hospital and 11 district general hospitals with symptoms suggestive of an acute stroke over a 4 week period.
Harbison[17] 2004 Survey 2000 Stroke/TIA patients (487)     The medical records of consecutive patients referred to a stroke service were prospectively studied over a six month period.
Parahoo[19] 2003 Postal survey 2001 General public (892)   Participants were randomly selected from electoral register.
Morgan[20] 2005 Postal survey Self-completion questionnaire 2003/4 General public (139)   Patients aged 40-65 were randomly selected from a general practice register. 57% response rate.
Gupta[16] 2002 Survey Structured interview schedule 1999 At risk patients (410)    Patients attending a hospital clinic over an 8 month period with one or more established risk factors for stroke/TIA. Response rate not given.
  1. *Patients were not tested on knowledge of symptoms but asked if they recognised they were having a stroke