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Table 3 Main results of quantitative studies

From: Response to symptoms of stroke in the UK: a systematic review

    Patient and public awareness of the symptoms of stroke/TIA Patient and public response to the symptoms of stroke/TIA Beliefs and attitudes about the diagnosis, early treatment and consequences of stroke
    Associated with brain Aware of one symptom Recognised stroke/TIA Time to seek medical help Sought medical help as soon as possible First medical contact GP Patient or bystander called ambulance Symptoms are serious Always an emergency Correctly identified 8 possible consequences Stroke is risk factor for further stroke
  Author n = % % % Median % % % % % %  
Public Parahoo[19] 892 60.3 92.2 - - - - - - - 8 -
  Morgan[20] 139 90 81 - - - - - - 96 - -
  Carrol[16] 40 - 87.5 - - - - - - 92.3 - -
  Shah[23] 103 - - 65a - - - - 79a - - -
At risk Gupta[16] 410 86 82 - - -   - - - - 5%
  Carrol[18] 40 - 92.5 - - -   - - 86 - 5%
Stroke/TIA patients Carrol[18] 40 - - 40 30 min (max 6 days) - 80 17.5 - - - 0%
  Giles[22] 241 - - 42.2 - 44.4 86.7 - - - - -
  Lasserson [14] 768 - - - - - 75%c 71%d - - - - -
  Shah[23] 103 - - 41 - - - - 53 - - -
  Salisbury[15] 739 - - 56b 15 min (max 5 days) 68 56 41 - - - -
  Harraf[13] 739 - - - - - 50 43 - - - -
  Harbison[17] 487 - - - - - 44 37 - - - -
  1. a bystanders
  2. b patients or those with the patient at the onset of symptoms
  3. c TIA
  4. d Minor stroke