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Table 3 Multivariable binominal logistic regression model of factors associated with low quality of care ratings by health service users

From: Ambulatory health service users' experience of waiting time and expenditure and factors associated with the perception of low quality of care in Mexico

Variable   Public Services OR (95% IC) Social Security OR (95% IC) Private Services OR (95% IC)
Sex Female 0.93 (0.66 - 1.31) 1.13 (0.83 - 1.53) 1.07 (0.65 - 1.76)
Age 0-5 1.48 (0.61 - 3.58) 1.07 (0.28 - 4.16) 0.41 (0.09 - 1.78)
  6-17 1.69 (0.93 - 3.04) 1.48 (0.94 - 2.32) 1.49 (0.64 - 3.46)
  18 -35 1.70 (0.93 - 3.11) 1.23 (0.77 - 1.99) 3.09 (1.21 - 7.84)
  36-47 1.61 (0.91 - 2.84) 1.34 (0.86 - 2.08) 1.13 (0.51 - 2.47)
  48-59 1.22 (0.62 - 2.42) 1.18 (0.79 - 1.77) 1.63 (0.81 - 3.28)
Schooling None 1.36 (0.70 - 2.64) 0.74 (0.44 - 1.25) 4.21 (1.90 - 9.30)**
  Elementary 1.05 (0.63 - 1.75) 0.79 (0.55 - 1.13) 2.88 (1.45 - 5.73)**
  Secondary or higher 1.0   
Socioeconomic status 0 2.34 (0.71 - 7.65) 1.48 (0.89 - 2.45) 0.72 (0.28 - 1.83)
  1 1.36 (0.41 - 4.51) 1.22 (0.74 - 2.01) 0.91 (0.35 - 2.35)
  2 2.58 (0.79 - 8.35) 1.56 (1.01 - 2.42)* 0.58 (0.22 - 1.50)
  3 1.0   
Health status at the time of the survey Bad 1.85 (1.04 - 3.29)* 1.59 (1.03 - 2.46)* 2.66 (1.17 - 6.06)*
  Regular 1.75 (1.20 - 2.56)** 1.42 (1.02 - 1.99)* 1.76 (1.01 - 3.07)*
  Good 1.0   
Reason for health service use Acute care 1.36 (0.66 - 2.79) 1.74 (1.05 - 2.89)* 1.38 (0.48 - 3.98)
  Chronic care 1.17 (0.53 - 2.56) 1.39 (0.84 - 2.30) 0.83 (0.28 - 2.51)
  Preventative services 1.0   
No improvement in health status after consultation 2.14 (1.47 - 3.12)** 2.93 (2.17 - 3.95)** 5.64 (3.19 - 9.97)*
Waiting times (minutes) <15 1.0   
  15-60 1.96 (1.20 - 3.21)** 2.11 (1.33 - 3.34)** 1.24 (0.70 - 2.18)
  >60 3.29 (2.04 - 5.30)** 4.10 (2.53 - 6.63)** 1.41 (0.58 - 3.41)
Consultation length <15 1.0   
  15-20 1.98 (1.34 - 2.93) 1.71 (1.21 - 2.41)* 2.65 (1.50 - 4.71)**
  >20 1.40 (0.89 - 2.20)** 1.14 (0.74 - 1.76)** 0.77 (0.42 - 1.41)**
Payment for consultation (Yes) 1.31 (0.91 - 1.88) 1.25 (0.57 - 2.71) 1.43 (0.73 - 2.79)
Prescription filling (No) 2.04 (1.45 - 2.88)* 1.26 (0.80 - 1.98) 0.66 (0.40 - 1.08)
  1. *significant at 5%; ** significant at 1%