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Table 1 Joinpoint regression analyses on age-standardized amenable mortality rates in Taiwan, 1981-2005

From: The impact of universal National Health Insurance on population health: the experience of Taiwan

  Trend 1 Trend 2 Trend 3 Trend 4 Trend 5
Mortality Time Period APC Time Period APC Time Period APC Time Period APC Time Period APC
All causes           
   Both genders 1981-1993 -1.74* 1993-1996 -0.57 1996-2003 -2.50* 2003-2005 0.06   
   Females 1981-1996 -2.22* 1996-2005 -2.72*       
   Males 1981-1984 -2.36* 1984-1993 -1.23* 1993-1996 -0.09 1996-2003 -2.25* 2003-2005 1.08
Amenable causes           
   Both genders 1981-1993 -4.38* 1993-1996 -0.53 1996-1999 -5.83* 1999-2005 -2.77*   
   Females 1981-1993 -4.45* 1993-1996 -1.48 1996-1999 -5.70* 1999-2005 -3.21*   
   Males 1981-1987 -5.05* 1987-1993 -3.61* 1993-1996 -0.53 1996-1999 -5.77* 1999-2005 -2.45*
Other causes (non-amenable causes)
   Both genders 1981-1999 -0.64* 1999-2003 -2.74* 2003-2005 1.04     
   Females 1981-1989 -0.48 1989-2005 -1.80*       
   Males 1981-1999 -0.37* 1999-2003 -2.47* 2003-2005 1.72     
Amenable causes with 50% IHD          
   Both genders 1981-1993 -4.04* 1993-1996 -0.81 1996-1999 -5.67* 1999-2005 -2.61*   
   Females 1981-2005 -3.86*         
   Males 1981-1987 -4.66* 1987-1993 -3.18* 1993-1996 -0.78 1996-1999 -5.50 1999-2005 -2.22*
IHD           
   Both genders 1981-1992 1.78* 1992-2005 -2.61*       
   Females 1981-1992 1.51 1992-1998 -6.73 1998-2005 -2.66     
   Males 1981-1992 2.29* 1992-2005 -1.63*       
  1. Note. APC= annual percent change; IHD= ischemic heart disease.
  2. * APC is statistically significantly different from zero (2-sided at p < .05).