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Table 1 Patient characteristics and healthcare in 2006 and uncorrected number of referrals to internists, ophthalmologists, cardiologists and mental healthcare in 2004 and 2006 for newly diagnosed and known diabetes patients.

From: Primary care nurses: effects on secondary care referrals for diabetes

  Newly diagnosed diabetes patients Known diabetes patients
Patient characteristics   
Gender2 (male) 50.2% (226) 47.2% (1705)
Age1 (in years) 61.4 (SD:14.1) 67.1 (SD:11.9)
Distance to hospital1 (km) 8.6 (SD:6.9) 8.3 (SD:7.1)
Related comorbidity2 19.1% (86) 19.6% (633)
Unrelated comorbidity2 39.3% (177) 35.1% (1133)
Healthcare utilisation in 2006   
Diabetes guidance per year2 21.1% (95) 17.8% (575)
Number of diabetes contacts   
   Total1 1.8 (SD:1.04) 1.8 (SD: 0.98)
   PCN-practice1 1.8 (SD:1.05) 1.8 (SD: 0.99)
   Non-PCN-practice1 1.7 (SD:1.02) 1.6 (SD: 0.90)
Referral rates   
Internist2   
   2004 7.3% (22) 5.7% (121)
   2006 3.3% (15) 4.9% (158)
Ophthalmologist2   
   2004 25.2% (76) 10.4% (221)
   2006 29.1% (131) 12.8% (413)
Cardiologist2   
   2004 2.3% (7) 3.1% (66)
   2006 3.3% (15) 3.1% (98)
Mental healthcare 2   
   2004 0.7% (2) 1.0% (22)
   2006 1.8% (8) 0.7% (24)
  1. 1mean (standard deviation); 2 percentage (number)