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Table 1 Knowledge gained by participants during a NRP training course on neonatal resuscitation focusing on LMA.

From: Laryngeal Mask Airway for neonatal resuscitation in a developing country: evaluation of an educational intervention. Neonatal LMA: an educational intervention in DRC

Neonatal Laryngeal Mask Airway Pre-test correct answers n.(%) Post-test correct answers n.(%)
Features Physicians: n. 21 Midwifes: n.7 Physicians: n.21 Midwifes: n.7
Range 5 3 7 3
Size 6 1 10 3
Lubrication 3 2 11^ 4
Tip flattening 5 3 11^ 3
Advancing 5 2 10 4
Location 4 1 12^ 3
Cuff inflation 5 0 11^ 3
Connection for PPV 13 5 11 5
Correct positioning 1 0 14* 7
  47/189 (24.8) 17/63 (26,9) 97/189 (51.3) 35/63 (55.5)
Advantages over the face mask     
Less skill required 4 0 11^ 6
Easy placement 3 1 4 2
Better airtight seal 1 1 12* 3
Improved SO2 3 1 11 6
Function unaffected by anatomical factors 1 1 6 1
Less hand fatigue 7 0 10 7
  19/126 (15.0) 4/42 (9.5) 54/126 (42.8) 25/42 (9.52)
Advantages over the tracheal tube     
Easier and quicker placement by trained medical and non-medical personnel 5 2 10 4
Avoids laryngoscopy 2 5 14* 7
Avoids tracheal oedema 4 0 14* 6
Efficacy in upper airway malformations when intubation and mask ventilation fail 9 4 14 6
Avoids use of neuromuscular blocking agents 4 3 15* 7
  24/105 (22.8) 14/35 (40.0) 67/105 (63.8) 30/35 (85.7)
Disadvantages     
Gastric insufflation and aspiration 0 0 8 4
Inadequate alveolar ventilation 13 3 14 6
Impossibility of suctioning the airway 4 3 8 6
Impossibility of administering drug endotracheally 12 3 14 7
  29/84 (34.5) 9/28 (32.1) 44/84 (52.3) 17/28 (60.7)
Potential applications in neonatal resuscitation     
When face mask and tracheal tube resuscitation fall 10 6 15 7
In neonatal training models allows a patent airway in a shorter time than endotracheal tube 4 0 14* 6
Incidence of failure low with LMA 10 5 15 7
Ruinously 5 2 15* 7
  29/84 (34.5) 13/28 (46.4) 59/84 (70.2) 27/28 (96.4)
  1. Pre- and post-test correct answers.
  2. ^McNemar test p value (p < 0.05), corrected by Bonferroni's adjustment (p < 0.05)*