You are viewing the site in preview mode

Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 1 Patient characteristics

From: Avoidable readmission in Hong Kong - system, clinician, patient or social factor?

  Not avoidable (n = 357) Avoidable (n = 246) All patients (N = 603) P-value
Socio-Demographics     
Gender (Male) % 52.4 54.5 53.2 0.613
Age, in years 75.0 74.7 74.8 0.800
Admitted from elderly home % 34.7 30.1 32.8 0.232
Fee paid by public assistance % 54.3 60.6 56.9 0.129
Clinical data     
Main principal diagnosis at readmission %     
   Symptoms, signs & ill-defined condition 16.5 13.8 15.4 0.099
   Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease 12.6 11.8 12.3  
   Pneumonia 13.7 7.7 11.3  
   Heart failure 5.3 8.9 6.8  
   Ischaemic heart disease 5.0 4.1 4.6  
   Cancer 3.6 2.4 3.2  
   Chronic renal failure 3.4 2.4 3.0  
   Cerebrovascular diseases 2.2 1.6 2.0  
   Diabetes 0.8 2.4 1.5  
   Others 36.7 44.7 40.0  
Main principal diagnosis at previous discharge %     
   Symptoms, signs & ill-defined condition 16.5 17.9 17.1 0.074
   Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease 9.2 13.0 10.8  
   Heart failure 8.7 8.5 8.6  
   Pneumonia 10.1 5.7 8.3  
   Chronic renal failure 3.1 5.3 4.0  
   Ischaemic heart disease 2.8 3.3 3.0  
   Cerebrovascular diseases 3.9 1.2 2.8  
   Cancer 3.1 1.2 2.3  
   Diabetes 1.1 2.8 1.8  
   Others 41.5 41.1 41.3  
Same principal diagnosis in both discharge and readmission episode % 24.4 45.1 32.8 < 0.001
Length of stay in previous discharge, in days 9.9 8.5 9.3 0.217
No. of hospitalization in the past 12 months 4.1 4.5 4.3 0.290
No. of attendance to the public general & specialist outpatient clinics and Accident and Emergency Departments in the past 12 months 13.1 13.1 13.1 0.960
No. of medication on discharge 7.0 7.4 7.2 0.218
Physical and cognitive function     
Mobility status %     
   Not available 0.3 0.0 0.2 0.493
   Walk independent 36.7 41.5 38.6  
   Walk with support 32.2 34.1 33.0  
   Chairbound/Bedbound 30.5 24.4 28.1  
   Others 0.3 0.0 0.2  
Cognitive function %     
   Not available 1.7 2.0 1.8 0.127
   Normal 66.9 76.0 70.6  
   Dementia 19.9 12.6 16.9  
   Impaired mental state 9.5 8.1 9.0  
   Others 2.0 1.2 1.7  
Feeding problem %     
   No problem 82.9 86.2 84.2 0.293
   Enteral feeding 10.6 6.9 9.1  
   Others 6.4 6.9 6.6  
Instrumentation %     
   No 73.1 78.5 75.3 0.039
   Foley Cath 5.3 4.9 5.1  
   R/T 9.0 4.9 7.3  
   PEG 0.0 0.4 0.2  
   Tracheostomy 0.3 0.4 0.3  
   CAPD 4.5 7.7 5.8  
   Others 7.8 3.3 6.0  
Other discharge and readmission information     
Patient was transferred to Convalescence/Rehabilitation in previous discharge % 20.2 15.4 18.2 0.140
Discharge destination in previous discharge %     
   Home 63.6 69.1 65.8 0.109
   Residential home for elderly 36.1 29.7 33.5  
   Others 0.3 1.2 0.7  
Follow-up arrangement in previous discharge %     
   Specialist outpatient clinics 68.6 69.5 69.0 0.817
   General outpatient clinics/Family Medicine clinics 7.3 9.3 8.1 0.361
   Sub acute and community services 18.5 15.9 17.4 0.402
   No follow-up 0.6 0.8 0.7 0.707
Time interval between discharge from index episode and readmission, in days 12.9 11.0 12.1 0.006
  1. Note: P-value is used to show the significance of each independent variable with the outcome variable on whether the readmission was avoidable or not avoidable.