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Table 4 Utilization of additional Support and Relief Services: Study arm and urban/rural comparison (Nbaseline = 205*; Nfollow-u p = 213)

From: Effects of general practitioner training and family support services on the care of home-dwelling dementia patients - Results of a controlled cluster-randomized study

Offer T A NT0 = 86 NT2 = 91 B NT0 = 54 NT2 = 67 C NT0 = 65 NT2 = 55 p-Value Group differences p < .05 between T0 und T2 Urban NT0 = 42 NT2 = 45 Rural NT0 = 163 NT2 = 168 p-Value Urban/Rural
Home nursing1 T0 13 (15.1%) 9 (13.8%) 7 (13.0%) .935 A, B, C 9 (21.4%) 20 (12.3%) .129
  T2 32 (35.2%) 20 (29.9%) 15 (27.3%) .575   12 (26.7%) 55 (32.7%) .436
Home help1 T0 4 (4.7%) 4 (6.2%) 2 (3.7%) .820 - 3 (7.1%) 7 (4.3%) .445
  T2 5 (5.5%) 6 (9.0%) 5 (9.1%) .625   4 (8.9%) 12 (7.1%) .693
Visiting voluntary helpers1 T0 1 (1.2%) 0 1 (1.9%) .577 - 0 2 (1.2%) .471
  T2 2 (2.2%) 4 (6.0%) 2 (3.6%) .467   3 (6.7%) 5 (3.0%) .248
Care group1 T0 1 (1.2%) 1 (1.5%) 1 (1.9%) .945 - 1 (2.4%) 2 (1.2%) .579
  T2 4 (4.4%) 3 (4.5%) 1 (1.8%) .680   1 (2.2%) 7 (4.2%) .542
Meals on Wheels1 T0 6 (7.0%) 3 (4.6%) 0 .145 - 3 (7.1%) 6 (3.7%) .329
  T2 9 (9.9%) 8 (11.9%) 2 (3.6%) .253   5 (11.1%) 14 (8.3%) .562
Institutional short-term nursing1 T0 4 (4.7%) 0 5 (9.3%) .135 A, B 4 (9.5%) 5 (3.1%) .069
  T2 15 (16.5%) 15 (22.4%) 9 (16.4%) .581   10 (22.2%) 29 (17.3%) .445
Daycare1 T0 2 (2.3%) 0 1 (1.9%) .481 - 0 3 (1.8%) .376
  T2 7 (7.7%) 3 (4.5%) 3 (5.5%) .687   5 (11.1%) 8 (4.8%) .114
Day clinic1 T0 0 1 (1.5%) 2 (3.7%) .206 - 2 (4.8%) 1 (0.6%) .107
  T2 0 0 0 -   0 0 -
Outpatient physiotherapy2 T0 14 (16.3%) 3 (4.6%) 2 (3.7%) .013 I - 7 (16.7%) 12 (7.4%) .064
  T2 11 (12.1%) 5 (7.5%) 3 (5.5%) .348   4 (8.9%) 15 (8.9%) .993
Outpatient occupational therapy2 T0 2 (2.3%) 2 (3.1%) 1 (1.9%) .908 - 2 (4.8%) 3 (1.8%) .274
  T2 3 (3.3%) 1 (1.5%) 1 (1.8%) .727   1 (2.2%) 4 (2.4%) .950
  1. * total 8 informal caregivers, who could be reached at follow-up, refused the interview at baseline
  2. 1 Support and relief services for informal caregivers 2 patient-centered non-drug therapy, but not dementia-specific
  3. I Overall model remains significant in the multivariate analysis: Chi²(3) = 16.664; p = .001, predictors: study arm (Wald (2) = 6.746; p = .034) and Barthel-Index (Wald (1) = 7.968; p = .005) are significant predictors.