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Table 1 Summary of methods in developmental and evaluation phases

From: Integrating the promotion of physical activity within a smoking cessation programme: Findings from collaborative action research in UK Stop Smoking Services

  Participants Data collection Data analysis
Phase 1 3 advisors in Plymouth PCT (South West England). Field notes and reflective diary. Observation of clinics and discussions with advisors, throughout 3 cycles of collaborative action research Identified pros and cons of each adaptation of the intervention, with advisors.
Phase 2 (Aim 1) 7 advisors in South Birmingham PCT (Midlands) working with groups in clinics. 1 advisor in Plymouth working with individuals. Surveys of advisors' physical activity promotion actions, beliefs, and personal characteristics, before training and after implementation. Field notes, reflective diary, interviews and discussions with advisors regarding their beliefs and progress. Paired t tests to compare pre and post training and intervention delivery.
Phase 2 (Aim 2) 111 clients took a self-help guide. 72 clients (32% male) (15 of whom were seen individually in Plymouth) completed T1 surveys, but only 27 at T2. Surveys of quitters' use of physical activity, beliefs, and personal characteristics. Field notes, reflective diary, interviews and discussions with advisors regarding clients' beliefs and progress. Paired t tests to compare pre and post the 6/7 week Stop Smoking Clinic intervention, using intent to treat (i.e. all those completing survey at T1).