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Table 1 Demographic and clinical characteristics of patients in the overall study cohort and in the subgroup with follow-up CD4 tests 4 to 9 months after ART initiation.

From: Measuring adherence to antiretroviral treatment in resource-poor settings: The clinical validity of key indicators

  Total (n = 488) With CD4 test (n = 409)
Female 62.5% 63.1%
Age   
   30 & under 29.3% 29.6%
   31-40 43.4 42.8
   41 & over 27.3 27.6
Education   
   None 15.5% 16.8%
   Primary 46.7 47.3
   Secondary or greater 37.8 36.0
Married currently 44.1% 44.9%
Living   
   Alone 6.0% 6.1%
   With child only 24.5 23.8
   With adult +/- child 69.6 70.1
Occupation   
   Employed 28.3% 28.5%
   Self-employed 32.2 32.0
   Unemployed 39.4 39.5
Treated in government facility 63.5% 61.4%
Treatment location   
   Clinic in capital 49.8% 50.4%
   In other urban area 26.4 25.4
   In rural area 23.8 24.2
WHO stage at initiation   
   Stage 1 8.9% 7.9%
   Stage 2 25.4 26.5
   Stage 3 54.4 53.3
   Stage 4 11.3 12.3
Has treatment support partner 88.7% 89.7%
Evidence of previous PMTCT (female only) 6.2% 4.7%
Evidence of current or prior TB at initiation 15.2% 13.2%
Baseline CD4 value   
   < = 100 37.4% 36.7%
   101-200 40.4 42.5
   201-350 20.9 19.3
   351 an above 1.6 1.4
Weight in kg (SD) at initiation   
   Males 57.2 (9.2) 57.1 (9.2)
   Females 52.9 (9.7) 52.9 (9.8)