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Table 1 Chinese and Punjabi Focus Group Participant Characteristics

From: Perceptions of unmet healthcare needs: what do Punjabi and Chinese-speaking immigrants think? A qualitative study

Characteristic Language Age Groups Total (n = 78)
  Punjabi (n = 45) Chinese (n = 33) < 50 yrs (n = 39) 50 + yrs (n = 39)  
Gender (%)      
   Male 46 54 49 51 50
Marital Status (%)      
   Married/Living with a Partner 84 83 82 85 83
Education (%)      
   Less than grade 12 32 7 8 31 19
   Grade 12 o GED 5 20 0 26 13
   Some post-Sec/College 16 17 28 5 17
   Diploma/Degree 46 56 64 39 51
Income (%)      
   < $20,000 28 23 7 45 26
   $20,000 - $49,999 36 50 51 32 42
   $50,000 - $79,999 33 23 37 19 29
   $80,000 and above 3 3 3 3 3
Work Status (%)      
   Full-time 35 32 54 13 33
   Part-time 14 5 10 8 9
   Not employed (student, retired, disability, homemaker) 46 61 31 77 54
   Other 5 2 5 3 4
Language*      
   English-language speaking abilities(1-4)      
Mean (SD) 2.73 (1.12) 2.50 (0.62) 2.97 (0.73) 2.24 (0.96) 2.62 (0.92)
Has a Regular provider (%)      
   Yes 92 98 92 97 95
Doctor speaks native language (%)      
   Yes 74 81 84 71 78
   Don't know 26 3 13 14 13
Health Status (%)      
   Excellent/Very good/Good 69 79 87 59 73
   Fair/Poor 31 21 13 41 27
Chronic Condition (%)      
   No chronic condition 27 59 67 21 44
   1 chronic condition 30 34 28 36 32
   2 chronic condition 27 2 3 26 14
   3 and more 16 5 3 18 10
  1. *Note. Response categories were: very well, well, not well, not at all. A higher score = more of the concept.