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Table 4 Mean number of contacts with physicians in outpatient care in the 3 years following the decision to initiate continuing care in the groups with 0, 1, 2 or ≥3 hospital stays in the first year

From: Hospital and outpatient clinic utilization among older people in the 3-5 years following the initiation of continuing care: a longitudinal cohort study

Group First year Second year Third year p-valuea Post-hoc analysesb
0 hospital stay (n = 437) Mean (SD) 8.7 (9.2) 8.5 (8.7) 7.1 (8.3) < 0.001 B, C
1 hospital stay (n = 118) Mean (SD) 13.0 (9.1) 10.9 (10.1) 9.6 (13.0) 0.005 A, B
2 hospital stays (n = 56) Mean (SD) 13.2 (6.5) 11.0 (7.9) 7.9 (6.3) < 0.001 A, B, C
≥ 3 hospital stays (n = 65) Mean (SD) 18.6 (12.6) 14.4 (10.8) 12.9 (13.5) 0.011 A, B, C
  1. Those who died were excluded from the analysis
  2. a) Repeated measures (with Huyunh- Feldts correction)
  3. The Bonferroni method was used in the post-hoc analyses.
  4. b) Significant differences between: A = Years 1 and 2, B = Years 1 and 3, C = Year 2 and 3