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Table 4 Haddon matrix of core prevention-control based AIDS-NGOs activities

From: Core indicators evaluation of effectiveness of HIV-AIDS preventive-control programmes carried out by nongovernmental organizations. A mixed method study

Prevention Level Activities intervening on individual factors: Promoting healthy behaviors and attitudes Intervening on factors related to the immediate Activities aimed at intervening on factors related to the external environment: infrastructure and population Activities aimed at intervening on factors related to the social system
Primary Prevention Activities that encourage closer ties with AIDS-NGO services   Activities that encourage closer ties with NGO services Participation in commemorative acts.
Health promotion and primary prevention (preventing HIV infection) Promote and development leisure and interaction activities   Promote and development leisure and interaction activities Participation in networking platforms and work groups related to HIV/AIDS
  Health education and safe sex activities: HIV information and distribution of informative materials   Health education and safe sex activities: HIV information and distribution of informative materials Diffusion and training
  Educational activities to increase awareness of the male condom, the female condom, lubricants and their correct use   Educational activities to increase awareness of the male condom, the female condom, lubricants and their correct use Training of trainers
  Distribution of prophylactic material: condoms and lubricants in NGO offices, saunas, etc.   Distribution of prophylactic material: condoms and lubricants in NGO offices, saunas, etc.  
  Distribution of informative materials on the street, in saunas, pubs, flats, clubs, schools, high schools   Distribution of informative materials on the street, in saunas, pubs, flats, clubs, schools, high schools  
  Personalized care and information via telephone and email   Participation in networking platforms and work groups related to HIV/AIDS  
  Editing and preparation of informative material for the prevention of HIV/AIDS   Training staff in peer groups  
  Legal advice   Legal advice  
  Workshops and advice on employment   Workshops and advice on employment  
Secondary Prevention Counselling and rapid testing of HIV and syphilis Testing for detection of hepatitis A/B/C Counselling and rapid testing of HIV and syphilis for the couple   
Measures focusing on early HIV detection Consultations for STI detection Referrals for consultations for STI detection    
  Consultations for tuberculosis detection Referrals to Chest Unit for tuberculosis detection    
  Information and referral for post-exposure prophylaxis    
Tertiary Prevention Receive health services and referrals to other health services, when necessary    
Attention focused on measures: reducing the effects and promote the rehabilitation reintegration Promote the adherence to antiretroviral treatments (HAART)    
  Conduct emotional support sessions and advice. Conduct individual psychological therapies    
  Accompany individuals to medical consultations in order to improvement visits to hospitals and primary care    
  Give social and legal aid   Give social and legal aid  
  Workshops and advice on employment    
  Peer help groups, support groups to address HIV   Peer help groups, support groups to address HIV  
  Conduct alternative medicine workshops: Reiki, Bach flowers, etc.    
  Provide flats for HIV+ individuals regardless of their gender   Provide flats for HIV+ individuals regardless of their gender  
  Telephone attention, internet consultations, chats for seropositive individuals and for serodiscordant couples, forums and consultations via email