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Table 1 Statistical Area Classification Hierarchy (2001)[20, 21]

From: An evaluation of access to health care services along the rural-urban continuum in Canada

  Category Description % of Canadian Population
Urban    
  Census Metropolitan Areas (CMA) One or more adjacent Census Subdivisions (CSDs) situated around a major urban core (population ≥ 100,000). 64.3
  Census Agglomerations (CA) One or more adjacent CSDs situated around a major urban core (population ≥ 10,000). 15.1
Rural    
  Strong Metropolitan Influenced Zone (MIZ) A CSD where more than 30% of residents commute to work in an urban core (population < 10,000). 5.1
  Moderate MIZ A CSD where between 5% and 30% of residents commute to work in an urban core (population < 10,000). 7.6
  Weak MIZ A CSD where between 0% and 5% of residents commute to work in an urban core (population < 10,000). 6.6
  No MIZ A CSD where forty or fewer residents commute to work in an urban core (population < 10,000). 1.1