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Table 4 Unadjusted Univariate Logistic Regression -- Comparison of Access Measures by Rural-Urban. Odds Ratio (95% CI) Higher numbers indicate a higher likelihood of outcome

From: An evaluation of access to health care services along the rural-urban continuum in Canada

Statistical Area Classification Influenza Vaccine Self-Reported Unmet Need Family Physician Consultation Specialist Physician Consultation Regular Medical Doctor
Urban - CMAa 0.95 (0.91, 1.00)c 0.91 (0.84, 0.97)c 0.99 (0.93, 1.05) 1.15 (1.09, 1.21)d 0.70 (0.65, 0.76)d
Urban - CAb 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Rural - Strong MIZ 0.92 (0.84, 1.01) 0.83 (0.73, 0.95)c 0.85 (0.77, 0.95)c 1.03 (0.93, 1.13) 0.86 (0.74, 0.99)
Rural - Moderate MIZ 0.83 (0.77, 0.89)d 0.78 (0.70, 0.87)d 0.86 (0.79, 0.95)c 0.90 (0.83, 0.98)c 0.85 (0.75, 0.95)c
Rural - Weak or No MIZ 0.75 (0.70, 0.80)d 0.86 (0.78, 0.95)c 0.93 (0.86, 1.00)c 0.81 (0.76, 0.87)d 0.64 (0.58, 0.70)d
  1. a CMA = Census Metropolitan Area; CA = Census Amalgamation; MIZ = Metropolitan Influence Zone
  2. b Reference Category
  3. c Significant at p < 0.05
  4. d Significant at p < 0.001