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Table 3 Use of medicines, diagnostic test and cost for patients who made and did not make informal payment respectively

From: Provider performance in treating poor patients - factors influencing prescribing practices in lao PDR: a cross-sectional study

Descriptions Means (SD) p-value
  No informal payment N = 674 Informal payment N = 110  
Appropriate drug use score 5.1(2.7) 3.5(2.7) <0.0001
Total number of medicines prescribed 5.3(2.6) 6.7(2.2) <0.0001
- Number of antibiotic injections 0.80(0.88) 1.4(0.89) <0.0001
- Number of oral antibiotics 0.49(0.61) 0.30(0.46) 0.001
- Number of essential medicines 4.6(2.2) 5.4(1.9) <0.0001
- Number of brand drugs 1.3(1.4) 1.4(1.7) 0.78
Average duration of stay (days) 3.2(3.9) 6.8(5.6) <0.0001
Total diagnostic test 1.2(1.5) 2.2(1.3) <0.0001
Cost of medicines 245 087 (560 887) 1 058 000 (1 236 000) <0.0001
Cost of diagnostic test 65 117 (103 274) 119 906 (162 750) <0.0001
Other costs 285 518 (497 730) 688 615 (678 346) <0.0001
Fee charge 52 255 (102 529) 69 731 (130 124) 0.52