You are viewing the site in preview mode

Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 1 Annual resource use of the base case, resource unit costs and total costs of drug-related problems associated with the outcomes of drug therapy according to probabilities of the model and population numbers

From: Health care use and costs of adverse drug events emerging from outpatient treatment in Germany: A modelling approach

  U.S. Data from Ernst et al. 2001 model [16] German Data (Base Case)
Outcomes Overall probability of therapeutic outcome* Factor in relation to hospitalisation Expected population developing an ADE and classification of resource utilization** (as % of population ingesting medications) Unit cost (in 2007 €) Total costs (million €)
No treatment 0.0207 1.912 260,873 (0.5)   
Physician visit 0.0436 4.021 548,620 (1.1) 231 12.4
Additional treatment 0.0753 6.944 947,451 (1.9) 422+231 (653) 61.8
Emergency department 0.0166 1.531 208,887 (0.4) 4374 91.3
Hospital admissions 0.0108 1.000 136,447 (0.3) 34525 471.0
Long-term care 0.0028 0.254 34,615 (0.07) 48906 169.3
Death 0.0002 0.022 2,958 (0.006) 34527 10.2
Total costs      816.0
  1. *sum of probabilities associated with therapeutic outcomes in Figure 1 **calculated using the factor in relation to hospitalisation and the number of hospitalised persons; 1average cost of published physician visits [20] inflated to year 2007; 2average cost of a prescribed medication in 2007 [19]3Total cost of additional treatment comprises physician visit and prescription of a new medication 4average cost per hospital day [18]; 5average cost per hospital admission for an ADE in 2007 (calculated by authors); 6average cost of 6 months of long-term facility care in 2007 (total service expenditures [23] divided by total beneficiaries [24]; 7costs of death assume hospitalisation prior to death