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Table 2 Mean and Standard Division and the Factor Analysis of Organizational Culture, Leadership Behavior and Job Satisfaction

From: Relationship between Organizational Culture, Leadership Behavior and Job Satisfaction

Dimensions Items Mean Standard Division Factor Loading Rotation Sums of squared loadings total Percentage of variance explained (%) Percentage of cumulative variance explained (%)
Employee orientation (OC1) ■ Concerning for the individual development of employees. 3.19 0.926 0.748 4.543 20.651 20.651
  ■ Caring about opinions from employees. 3.18 0.960 0.778    
  ■ Adopting high-tech bravely. 3.20 0.895 0.604    
  ■ Having a clear standard on praise and punishment. 3.24 0.985 0.776    
  ■ Possessing a comprehensive system and regulations. 3.21 0.885 0.806    
  ■ Setting clear goals for employees. 3.23 0.891 0.766    
Customer focus (OC2) ■ Sincere customer service. 3.50 0.908 0.693 4.292 19.509 40.159
  ■ Customer is number one. 3.60 0.962 0.781    
  ■ Providing first class service to customers. 3.62 0.943 0.740    
  ■ The profit of the customer is emphasized extremely. 3.68 0.855 0.785    
  ■ Developing new products and services continuously. 3.61 0.873 0.779    
  ■ Ready to accept new changes. 3.50 0.874 0.606    
Emphasizing responsibility (OC3) ■ Consideration among employees. 3.66 0.785 0.644 4.100 18.638 58.797
  ■ Satisfying the need of customers at the largest scale. 3.73 0.806 0.678    
  ■ Emphasizing innovation. 3.42 0.810 0.670    
  ■ Keeping strictly working disciplines. 3.63 0.822 0.750    
  ■ Showing social responsibility. 3.58 0.858 0.631    
  ■ Emphasizing on economic and social profits. 3.49 0.857 0.618    
Emphasizing cooperation (OC4) ■ Consideration among employees. 3.38 0.849 0.850 3.534 16.065 74.862
  ■ Satisfying the need of customers at the largest scale. 3.59 0.840 0.797    
  ■ Emphasizing innovation. 3.62 0.830 0.789    
  ■ Keeping strictly working disciplines. 3.54 0.838 0.667    
Leader's encouragement and supportive to subordinates (LB1) ■ The leader will express high performance expectations for followers. 3.58 0.772 0.671 0.6959 26.766 26.766
  ■ The leader will communicate a high degree of confidence in the followers' ability to meet expectations. 3.64 0.827 0.678    
  ■ The leader will demonstrate behaviors that selectively arouse unconscious achievement, power, and affinitive motives of followers when these motives are specifically relevant to the attainment of the vision. 3.61 0.862 0.767    
  ■ Leadership occurs through articulation of the vision and accomplishments that pertain to vision attainment. 3.61 0.923 0.757    
  ■ Followers are attracted to the leader himself. 3.64 0.886 0.692    
  ■ For the leader to be effective there must be some catalyst to make the followers open to the leader and her/his vision. 3.43 0.818 0.725    
  ■ The leader will allow followers the autonomy to make their own decisions but will influence them to make decisions in line with her/his vision. 3.60 0.862 0.705    
  ■ The leader will back up orders with justification based on the goodness of her/his vision. 3.62 0.831 0.710    
  ■ Followers are directly influenced by the leader and their personal relationship with her/him. 3.44 0.836 0.667    
  ■ The leader cares about his image and plays to the desires of followers. 3.53 0.902 0.674    
  ■ The leader will take an interest in all current and potential followers. 3.65 0.808 0.499    
  ■ Followers are devoted and unquestioning of the leader. 3.54 0.749 0.566    
Leader giving subordinate her/his clear vision (LB2) ■ The leader will negotiate her/his ideas when it benefits her/his image or her/his vision. 3.66 0.822 0.514 4.705 18.098 44.863
  ■ The leader will use positive rewards and reinforcement with her/his followers. 3.69 0.804 0.524    
  ■ The leader may change her/his vision to meet the needs and wants of the followers and the organization. 3.51 0.789 0.548    
  ■ The leader will exude confidence, dominance, and a sense of purpose. 3.62 0.817 0.633    
  ■ The leader will motivate the followers to act upon ideas already in place in society. 3.57 0.733 0.731    
  ■ The leader will be narcissistic and wish to bring power and attention to herself/himself. 3.66 0.746 0.802    
  ■ The leader will interact with followers-social distance is low. 3.67 0.862 0.762    
Leader's behavior is consistent with her/his vision (LB3) ■ The leader will act accordingly to certain vision that specifies a better future state. 3.77 0.855 0.734 4.317 16.606 61.469
  ■ The leader will strive toward distal rather than proximal goals. 3.72 0.847 0.789    
  ■ The leader will communicate messages that contain references to her/his overall vision. 3.68 0.843 0.784    
  ■ The leader will behaviorally role model the values implied by the vision by personal example. 3.77 0.781 0.561    
Leader is persuasive in convincing subordinates to acknowledging her/his vision (LB4) ■ The leader will excel in persuading people to agree with her/him. 3.50 0.862 0.494 2.580 9.923 71.392
  ■ The leader will try to persuade those who disagree with her/his vision to agree with it. 3.42 0.759 0.883    
  ■ The leader will delegate authority for the attainment of her/his vision. 3.58 0.739 0.655    
Working partners (JS1) ■ I am satisfied with the communication status between colleagues within my department. 3.79 0.767 0.602 2.501 20.839 20.839
  ■ I am satisfied with the communication status between my department and other departments. 3.48 0.736 0.809    
  ■ I am satisfied with the team I worked with in my department as well as other departments. 3.56 0.748 0.880    
  ■ I am satisfied with the team formed within my own department. 3.67 0.765 0.709    
Rewards and welfare (JS2) ■ I am satisfied with my remuneration because by comparing the amount of workload with other department, I actually have less workload. 2.56 1.198 0.925 2.397 19.973 40.812
  ■ I am satisfied with the welfare provided by the hospital. 2.74 1.100 0.903    
Superior (JS3) ■ Whenever I require assistance, a supervisor is always there to help. 3.77 0.781 0.869 2.302 19.182 59.994
  ■ A particular supervisor will always listen to my issues and assist me in resolving those issues. 3.66 0.780 0.770    
  ■ Until now I am very satisfied with my job. 3.39 0.895 0.575    
Job recognition (JS4) ■ I will be recognized when I perform outstandingly. 3.61 0.749 0.722 1.969 16.405 76.400
  ■ I will be rewarded if I provided good service to the patients. 3.41 0.863 0.745    
  ■ My role is considered very important to some people. 3.84 0.786 0.611    
  1. Note: The leader is mean nursing director.