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Table 1 Demographic characteristics and referral pattern

From: Access to specialty care in autism spectrum disorders-a pilot study of referral source

Groups1 ASD/XM n, (%) ASD/TAC n, (%) Comparison n, (%)
Age in years (range, median, mean ± SD) 3-19, 8, 8.1 ± 4.1 2-18, 6.5, 6.6 ± 4.1 0.5-18, 8.5, 8.4 ± 4.9
Male: Female 86:22** 61:20* 66:42
Insurance Provider Private 56 (52%)*** 53 (65%)*** 18 (17%)
  Medicaid/Charity Care 52 (48%) 28 (35%) 90 (83%)
Referral source Physicians 33 (30%)*** 31 (38%)*** 89 (83%)
  Self 57 (53%) 39 (49%) 8 (7%)
  Therapists or Teachers 15 (14%) 6 (7%) 9 (8%)
  Other 3 (3%) 5 (6%) 2 (2%)
  1. 1. ASD/XM and Comparison denote children with ASD and other neurological disorders evaluated by XM respectively; ASD/TAC denotes the group of children with ASD evaluated by other members of The Autism Center.
  2. 2 × 2 Chi square tests were performed for gender and insurance providers between ASD/XM and Comparison, between ASD/TAC and Comparison. 4 × 2 Chi square tests were performed for referral source between ASD/XM group and Comparison group, and between ASD/TAC group and Comparison group.
  3. *p < 0.05, **p < 0.01, ***p < 0.001.