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Table 5 Caesarean section rates by rural and urban area of Malindi District

From: Existence and functionality of emergency obstetric care services at district level in Kenya: theoretical coverage versus reality

  Expected births Noof C-section performed C-section rate OR (95% CI); p-value
2008
Urban 4875 332 6.8% 3.39*(2.83 – 4.06); p < 0.001
Rural 9811 207 2.1% Reference
Total 14,686 539 3.7%  
2009
Urban 5470 426 7.8% 3.17* (2.70 – 3.72); p < 0.001
Rural 9789 261 2.7% Reference
Total 15,259 687 4.5%  
  1. *A pregnant woman with a complication requiring caesarean section in the urban area was up to 3 times more likely to access the intervention compared to a rural counterpart.