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Table 2 Characteristics of clients in the derivation sample (n = 182)

From: Development of a case-mix funding system for adults with combined vision and hearing loss

  % (n)
Age (mean, SD) 42.7 (17.8)
Male 51.9 (94)
Marital Status  
Never Married 72.6 (130)
Married/Significant Other 14.5 (26)
Widowed/Separated/Divorced 12.9 (23)
Residential Status  
Private home/apartment/rented room 53.9 (98)
Board and care or assisted living 6.6 (12)
Group home 3.3 (6)
Setting for persons with intellectual disability 1.7 (3)
Long-term care facility (nursing home) 5.5 (10)
Other 29.1 (53)
Living Arrangement  
Alone 26.4 (48)
With spouse/partner only 8.8 (16)
With family 9.3 (17)
With parent(s) or guardian(s) 19.2 (35)
With non-relatives 36.3 (66)
Health sub-scales embedded within the interRAI CHA/Deafblind Supplement
Cognitive Performance Scale (CPS)  
Intact (0) 31.3 (57)
Borderline to moderate impairment (1–2) 19.2 (35)
Moderately severe to very severe impairment (3+) 49.5 (90)
Depression Rating Scale  
No signs/symptoms of depression (0–2) 80.1 (145)
Signs/symptoms of depression (3+) 19.9 (36)
ADL Self-performance Hierarchy Scale  
Independent(0) 52.5 (95)
Supervised to extensive assistance (1–3) 29.3 (53)
Extensive assistance (4–6) 18.2 (33)
Deafblind Severity Index (DbSI)  
No hearing or vision impairment (0) 0.5 (1)
Mild/moderate impairment in 1 sense (1) 2.2 (4)
Severe impairment in 1 sense (2) 3.8 (7)
Mild/moderate impairment in both senses (3) 14.8 (27)
Severe impairment in 1 sense, mild/moderate in other (4) 48.3 (88)
Severe impairment in both senses (5) 30.2 (55)
IADL Difficulty Scale  
No difficulty on any of the 3 areas (0) 24.2 (43)
Some difficulty in 1 to 3 areas(1–3) 13.5 (24)
Great difficulty in 1 to 3 areas (4–6) 62.4 (111)
Other items in the CM model
Ability to understand others (receptive communication)  
Understands others (0) 23.1 (42)
Usually/rarely/never understands others (1–4) 76.9 (140)
Adapted or manually coded communication language  
Did not use in previous 3 days (0) 51.1 (93)
Used in previous 3 days (1) 48.9 (89)
Level of independence in personal hygiene  
Is independent/requires setup help (0–1) 55.5 (101)
Requires supervision/more extensive help/did not occur in previous 7 days (2+) 44.5 (81)
Independence in transportation  
Independent/requires setup help/ supervision (0–2) 26.4 (48)
Requires a higher level of assistance from others/is totally dependent on others/did not occur in previous 7 days (3+) 73.6 (134)
  1. Parts of this table were reproduced with permission of AFB Press, American Foundation for the Blind, from Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness, (103), (93–102), copyright © (2009) by AFB Press. All rights reserved.