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Table 3 Multivariate logistic regression of difficulty accessing specialist care

From: Access granted! barriers endure: determinants of difficulties accessing specialist care when required in Ontario, Canada

Factor OR 95% CI Significance
Intercept 0.057 (0.035, 0.091) ***
Sex (ref: Female)
   Male 1.150 (0.987, 1.340) .
Age (ref: Under 30)
   30-44 1.154 (0.888, 1.503)  
   45-59 1.173 (0.908, 1.520)  
   60+ 0.489 (0.369, 0.648) ***
Living arrangement (ref: no partner)
   Partner 1.031 (0.863, 1.234)  
Immigrant status (ref: Canadian born)
   Less than 10 years 2.971 (2.226, 3.957) ***
   10 or More years 1.724 (1.437, 2.067) ***
Income
   Low Income 0.991 (0.806, 1.214)  
Education (ref: Less than high school)
   High School 1.215 (0.876, 1.695)  
   Post-sec. graduate 1.853 (1.415, 2.457) ***
Family doctor (ref: No family doctor)
   Has family doctor 0.786 (0.580, 1.075)  
Chronic conditions (ref: None)
   1-3 conditions 2.179 (1.827, 2.607) ***
   4+ conditions 3.835 (2.867, 5.123) ***
Urban/rural (ref: City of Toronto)
   Urban Health Units 2.021 (1.626, 2.526) ***
   Rural Health Regions 1.721 (1.323, 2.246) ***
  1. Significance codes p<0.10=‘.’; p<0.05=‘*’; p<0.01=‘**’; p<0.001=***’.