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Table 4 Cross-tabulations of type of difficulty with sample sub-groups (with 95% confidence intervals)

From: Access granted! barriers endure: determinants of difficulties accessing specialist care when required in Ontario, Canada

Sub-group Availability (%) Wait times (%) Transport/Cost/ Language (%) Personal/ Other (%)
Time Since Immigration     
Canadian born 45.2 ± 2.9 64.3 ± 2.8 4.2 ± 1.2 9.8 ± 1.7
Less than 10 years 30.0 ± 2.7 69.2 ± 2.7 14.2 ± 2.0 23.3 ± 2.5
More than 10 years 33.7 ± 2.7 72.1 ± 2.6 2.5 ± 0.9 10.5 ± 1.8
Education     
Less than secondary school 48.9 ± 2.9 55.6 ± 2.9 4.4 ± 1.2 7.8 ± 1.6
Secondary school 48.9 ± 2.9 69.1 ± 2.7 4.4 ± 1.2 5.9 ± 1.4
Post-secondary 38.7 ± 2.8 68.0 ± 2.7 5.5 ± 1.3 13.0 ± 1.9
Chronic Conditions     
No chronic conditions 39.6 ± 2.8 64.4 ± 2.8 9.2 ± 1.7 17.5 ± 2.2
1-3 conditions 38.5 ± 2.8 70.2 ± 2.7 3.3 ± 1.0 9.8 ± 1.7
4+ conditions 54.9 ± 2.9 56.9 ± 2.9 6.3 ± 1.4 9.7 ± 1.7
Urban/rural     
City of Toronto 30.6 ± 2.7 66.7 ± 2.7 8.2 ± 1.6 20.5 ± 2.3
Urban 40.0 ± 2.8 68.1 ± 2.7 4.4 ± 1.2 9.7 ± 1.7
Rural 50.4 ± 2.9 64.1 ± 2.8 5.3 ± 1.3 11.9 ± 1.9