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Table 1 Cross tabulation – respondents to the South Australian Health Omnibus who had someone close to them die in the 5 years before responding from an ‘expected’ death and provided a level of active hands-on care (day-to-day and intermittent care; n = 1504; weighted data)

From: The caregiving perspective in heart failure: a population based study

Respondents who had someone close to them die from an expected death in the 5 years before responding who provided care for someone with …
  …heart failure … a diagnosis other than heart failure
Respondents
 Factors that do not change as caregiving is relinquished
  Factor Fraction % Fraction % p value**
  Gender – male 30/84 35.7 526/1420 37.0 0.806
  Age of respondent – 65+ 23/84 27.4 283/1420 19.9 0.099
  Educational attainment – beyond school 36/84 42.9 764/1420 53.8 0.051
  Country of birth – non-English speaking 12/84 14.3 142/1420 10.0 0.208
  Relationship to the deceased – spouse 14/84 16.7 178/1420 12.5 0.270
 Factors that may change as caregiving is relinquished
  Household income ≤ AU$60,000 50/68 73.5 819/1240 66.0 0.203
  Current work status – full or part time 31/74 41.9 668/1205 55.4 0.023
  Region of residence – metropolitan 52/83 62.7 952/1420 67.0 0.409
  SEIFA index –lowest 60% 47/84 56.0 626/1420 44.1 0.034
 Caregiving characteristics
  Level of care – day-to-day 35/84 41.7 634/1420 44.6 0.593
  Length of care – ≤ 1 year 30/51 58.8 540/969 55.7 0.664
  Had enough support 19/73 26.0 339/1207 28.1 0.704
 Post-care factors
  Time since death. ≤ 2 years 48/83 57.8 803/1412 56.9 0.863
  Moving on with life – able to move on 66/83 79.5 1133/1408 80.5 0.832
  Would care again – yes 21/23 91.3 279/299 93.3 0.713
  Sought help for grief or wished they had – yes* 11/30 36.7 226/590 38.3 0.857
The deceased
  Age of the deceased >65* 26/30 86.7 428/592 72.3 0.094#
  Comfortable or very comfortable in the last 2 weeks of life* 9/20 45.0 156/378 41.3 0.741
  Place of death – institution (hospital or hospice)* 20/29 69.0 405/593 68.3 0.940
Service factors
  Palliative care service use – yes 32/84 38.1 865/1420 60.9 0.000
  1. * only asked in 2006.
  2. # Fisher’s exact test.
  3. ** Using a Bonferroni correction, a significant p value should be set at 0.0025: Fisher’s Exact test used.