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Table 1 List of measures to be collected at baseline assessment (BA) and at reassessment (RA)

From: Intervention to prevent further falls in older people who call an ambulance as a result of a fall: a protocol for the iPREFER randomised controlled trial

Age, gender, education, occupation, place and type of residence and number of co-habitants.
General health and function    
Detailed information regarding non-transported fall.
Information regarding falls and fractures in previous 12 months.
Ambulance service use and hospitalisation in last 12 months (in general, and due to falls).
Disease history of previous 12 months (Multipurpose Australian Co-morbidity Scoring Scale (MACSS)).
Medication use. S
Assistive walking device (indoor and outdoor use), need for assistance when performing seven Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (IADL). S
The Incidental and Planned Exercise Questionnaire (IPEQ) will provide estimates of the frequency and duration of planned and incidental exercise [21]. S
Self-reported fear of falling and balance ability on a 5-point Likert-scale. S
Quality of life    
The EuroQol-5D is a widely used utility-based quality of life instrument for estimating Quality Adjusted Life Years (QALYs) for economic evaluations [22]. It provides a simple descriptive profile and a single index value for health related quality of life. S
Fear of falling will be assessed using the Iconographical Falls Efficacy Scale-Short version (ICON FES) [23]. S
The 15-item Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS) will assess symptoms of depression [24, 25]. S
General Practitioner assessment of COGnition (GPCOG) will provide a global measure of cognition [26] The GPCOG is a reliable, valid and efficient tool to quickly screen for dementia, which has been shown not to be influenced by the cultural or linguistic background of the person being assessed. S
Executive Function (working memory, set shifting and response inhibition) will be assessed using the Trail-Making Test A and B (TMT A/B ) [27, 28]. S
Objective measure of falls risk using the QuickScreen [29]. This is a multifactorial, reliable and externally validated falls risk assessment tool. It is able to predict future fall risk with an accuracy of 72%. S
Timed up and Go [30] and the co-ordinated stability test [31]. S
Home environment    
The HOME FAST assessment score is a valid predictor of falls, with an increased risk of 1-2% for every additional point scored on the scale [32]. S
Follow-up- 12 months    
Falls (monthly diaries) [33].    P
Subsequent use of health services (differentiation between fall-related or other medical reason) collected from monthly diary and with further telephone call for clarification if required.    S
GP visit, Specialist medical practitioners visit, ambulance service use, ED presentation, hospital admission, physiotherapy, occupational therapy.
Number of falls requiring ED attendance and/or hospitalisation collected from monthly diary and with further telephone call for clarification if required.    S
Use of NSW Ambulance Service, including time on scene (routinely collected Ambulance Service data).    S
Any ED presentation or hospitalisation including Diagnosis Related Group (DRG) and Length of Stay (LOS) data (measured using falls calendar data and corroborated through the NSW Admitted Patient Data Collection).    S
Use of any community health services – GP visits, Home medication review (HMR), Aged Care Assessment Team (ACAT) referrals, use of Post Acute Care Service (PACS) services etc. (measured using monthly falls calendar data).    S
Uptake and adherence to recommendations (based on initial and post-intervention assessments). S
  1. BA Baseline Assessment, RA Reassessment, O Outcome measure, S secondary, P Primary.