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Table 2 Use of healthcare services categorized with respect to presence or absence of depressive symptoms and with regard to disease severity; number of users, number of outpatient contacts and days of inpatient care during 30 months

From: Use of health services in people with multiple sclerosis with and without depressive symptoms: a two-year prospective study

  EDSS mild(Number of users), mean/median/range EDSS moderate(Number of users), mean/median/range EDSS severe(Number of users), mean/median/range
Depressive symptoms No depressive symptoms p value Depressive symptoms No depressive symptoms p value Depressive symptoms No depressive symptoms p value
n = 39 n = 72   n = 16 n = 14   n = 16 n = 16
Hospital outpatient care, total (39) (72)   (16) (14)   (16) (16)  
26/17/9-78 18.0/13/5-150 0.002 32.4/21/12-100 28.6/16/7-108 0.20 28.5/26/8-62 28.5/23/6-6 0.88
   Neurologist (39) (72)   (16) (14)   (16) (16)  
10,6/9/5-35 8.5/8/5-16 0.04 11.7/11/4-23 10.9/11/6-16 0.33 10.8/10/8-19 12.3/12/6-22 0.75
   Nurse (33) (44)   (13) (10)   (11) (10)  
3.2/2/0-14 1.7/1/0-10 0.002 2.7/3/0-7 2.2/2/0-9 0.22 1.8/2/0-7 1.4/1/0-7 0.47
   Welfare officer (14) (15)   (7) (4)   (1) (4)  
3.8/0/0-33 0.7/0/0-13 0.03 5.8/0/40 2.4/0/0-12 0.43 0.1/0/0-1 0.8/0/0-6 0.14
   Physiotherapist (8) (10)   (10) (3)   (4) (6)  
1.9/0/0-35 2.7/0/0-129 0.39 5.9/0/0-53 11.2/0/0-83 0.15 5.0/0/0-46 7.3/0/0-36 0.45
   Occupational therapist (6) (8)   (3) (1)   (3) (3)  
0.4/0/0-5 0.4/0/0-9 0.55 0.8/0/0-11 0.1/0/0-2 0.40 0.2/0/0-2 1.0/0/0-11 0.91
   Dietician (3) (4)   (4) (1)   (2) (5)  
0.1/0/0-2 0.1/0/0-4 0.70 0.3/0/0-2 0.1/0/0-1 0.19 0.2/0/0-2 0.3/0/0-1 0.27
   Speech/language therapist (3) 0   (2) (2)   (2) (4)  
0.0/0/0-8   0.02 1.4/0/0-18 0.1/0/0-1 1.0 0.8/0/0-11 0.6/0/0-6 0.42
   Psychologist (3) (9)   (1) (1)   (4) 0  
0.3/0/0-6 0.9/0/0-42 0.47 0.1/0/0-1 0.2/0/0-3 0.10 1.3/0/0-7   0.04
   Emergency Room (13) (22)   (6) (4)   (5) (6)  
0.7/0/0-8 0.4/0/0-4 0.62 0.6/0/0-3 0.2/0/0-1 0.44 0.5/0/0-4 0.6/0/0-3 0.64
   Ophthalmology (10) (15)   (5) (2)   (2) (4)  
0.6/0/0-6 0.6/0/0-19 0.56 0.6/0/0-6 0.3/0/0-4 0.32 0.1/0/0-1 0.3/0/0-2 0.36
   Urology (3) (5)   (1) (2)   (6) (5)  
0.3/0/0-13 0.2/0/0-7 0.91 0.1/0/0-1 0.5/0/0-4 0.76 1.6/0/0-10 1.1/0/0-6 0.69
   Psychiatry (8) 0   (3) (1)   0 0  
2.6/0/0-64   <0.001 1.9/0/0-27 0.1/0/0-1 0.34    
   Othera (25) (31)   (12) (7)   (11) (9)  
49.0/0/0-33 2.1/0/0-47 0.01 6.0/1/0-38 2.4/0/0-15 0.62 5.9/2/0-25 3.3/2/0-18 0.47
Primary care, total (37) (57)   (15) (13)   (16) (16)  
14.4/4/0-104 8.5/3/0-80 0.05 45.2/15/0-191 46.7/16/0-245 0.85 116.6/94/4-482 87.4/26/4-733 0.02
   Physician (33) (51)   (14) (12)   (9) (16)  
3.5/2/0-12 3.3/2/0-31 0.24 3.3/3/0-17 3.3/2/0-10 0.80 6.1/4/0-21 3.4/2/1-7 0.85
   Nurse (18) (39)   (12) (8)   (16) (15)  
6.4/1/0-115 3.6/1/0-45 0.68 22.8/3/0-121 37.4/2/0-241 0.69 63.5/36/1-315 54.8/6/0-657 0.05
   Occupational therapist (6) (4)   (9) (4)   (13) (11)  
0.4/0/0-7 0.2/0/0-7 0.08 3.0/2/0-14 1.5/0/0-9 0.20 10.2/7/0-61 5.1/3/0-19 0.27
   Physiotherapist (7) (5)   (6) (3)   (11) (9)  
3.7/0/0-98 0.8/0/0-42 0.07 8.6/0/0-94 4.3/0/0-28 0.46 30.0/11/0-147 15.0/4/0-56 0.44
   Nurse aid (3) (7)   (5) (1)   (10) (5)  
0.2/0/0-5 0.5/0/0-30 0.76 4.9/0/0-57 0.1/0/0-1 0.09 16.8/3/0-121 8.2/0/0-107 0.10
   Psychologist 0 0   (2) 0   (2) (1)  
    1.8/0/0-19   0.19 0.2/0/0-3 0.6/0/0-11 0.63
   Dietician 0 0   0 0   (1) 0.1/0/0-2 0 0.35
   Welfare officer (2) 0   0 (1)   0 0  
0.1/0/0-3   0.06   3.0/0/0-42 0.32    
Hospital inpatient careb,c (11) (9)   (5) (1)   (7) (6)  
3.9/0/0-75 0.5/0/0-8 0.04 4.4/0/0-29 1.0/0/0-14 0.28 9.3/0/0-79 2.2/0/0-13 0.47
  1. aDermatology, endocrinology, gynecology, hematology, medicine, oncology, surgery.
  2. bGynecology, neurology, medicine, infection, orthopedics, psychiatry, surgery.
  3. cDays.