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Table 2 Patient-provider encounter characteristics

From: Following the money: copy-paste of lifestyle counseling documentation and provider billing

Variable Value
Total encounters, n 155,168
Encounters with patients on insulin, n (%) 56,253 (36.3)
Most recent hemoglobin A1C, % 8.5 (1.6)
Hemoglobin A1C imputed, n (%) 28,791 (18.6)
Most recent LDL cholesterol, mg/dL 96.5 (32.1)
LDL imputed, n (%) 72,914 (47.0)
SBP, mm Hg 130.3 (17.4)
DBP, mmHg 74.3 (10.8)
BP imputed, n (%) 14,840 (9.6)
Most recent BMI, kg/m2* 32.9 (6.6)
BMI imputed, n (%) 15,072 (9.7)
Acute complaints, n (%) 52,203 (33.6)
Total active medications 8.2 (5.0)
Medications processed during the encounter 1.8 (2.5)
Anti-hyperglycemic medication intensification, n (%) 20,586 (13.3)
Note length, 1000s of characters 2.9 (2.2)
Lifestyle counseling, n (%)  
   Distinct 88,970 (57.3)
   Copied 12,527 (8.1)
   None 53,671 (34.6)
Visit category, n (%)  
   Physical 4,863 (3.1)
   Follow-up 150, 305 (96.9)
Documentation of time spent, n (%)  
   Counseling 3,406 (2.2)
   Coordination of care 245 (0.2)
   Other 3361 (2.2)
   None 148,156 (95.5)
Billing level, n (%)  
   1 4062 (2.6)
   2 5151 (3.3)
   3 54,304 (35.0)
   4 79,258 (51.1)
   5 12,393 (8.0)
  1. Data are mean (SD), unless otherwise indicated.
  2. *Recorded closest in time to encounter.
  3. †Most recent measurement taken within 6 months prior to the encounter.