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Table 2 Characteristics of hospital separation records with and without a nursing-sensitive outcome (NSO) during 10 years (1999–2009)

From: Evaluation of paediatric nursing-sensitive outcomes in an Australian population using linked administrative hospital data

  Separations without any NSO Separations with any NSO pvaluea
(n = 127800) (n = 1919)  
  n % n %  
Age group      < .001
  1-28 days (neonate) 5568 4.4 82 4.3  
  > 28 days-1 year (infant) 21601 16.9 513 26.7  
  > 1-3 years (toddler) 23422 18.3 402 21.0  
  > 3-6 years (pre-school) 14620 11.4 166 8.7  
  > 6-13 years (school age) 41487 32.5 501 26.1  
  > 13- ≤ 18 years (adolescent) 21102 16.5 255 13.3  
Sex      .037
  Male 72792 57.0 1139 59.4  
  Female 55008 43.0 780 40.7  
Socioeconomic index (IRSD)b      < .001
  Least disadvantaged 76584 61.1 1031 56.5  
  Most disadvantaged 46793 37.9 794 43.5  
Residence (ARIA+)c      < .001
  Major city 100147 81.2 1365 74.8  
  Regional or remote 23189 18.8 460 25.2  
Admission type      .006
  Emergency 101229 78.2 1470 76.6  
  Elective 26571 20.8 449 23.4  
Case mix      < .001
  Non-surgical 106841 83.6 1286 67.0  
  Surgical 20959 16.4 633 33.0  
Major Diagnostic Categoryc      < .001
  Respiratory 21216 16.6 125 6.5  
  Gastrointestinal 16256 12.7 337 17.6  
  Musculoskeletal 15358 12.0 204 10.6  
  Ear, nose, throat & mouth 13207 10.3 119 6.2  
  Neurological 10054 7.9 217 11.3  
Season      < .001
  Autumn 31122 24.4 444 23.1  
  Winter 34278 26.8 575 30.0  
  Spring 33955 26.6 526 27.4  
  Summer 28445 22.3 374 19.5  
  Mean (SD)   Mean (SD)   
Length of stay (LOS) 4.09 (10.62)   11.34 (23.48)   < .001
Ward movements 0.26 (0.64)   0.67 (1.20)   .002
  1. Note: Test statistic is Pearson Chi-square for categorical data and t-statistic for continuous data.
  2. a Two sided significance reported.
  3. b Data missing therefore does not equal total.
  4. c Only Major Diagnostic Categories with most cases listed.