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Table 5 Association between sociodemographic characteristics of children and risk of paediatric nursing-sensitive outcomes in surgical patients

From: Evaluation of paediatric nursing-sensitive outcomes in an Australian population using linked administrative hospital data

  Surgical wound infectiona Physiologic/metabolic derangement Postoperative cardiopulmonary complications
No. of events 225 163 124
No. in risk pool 21592 17980 15322
  Rate ratio Rate ratio Rate ratio
(95% CI) (95% CI) (95% CI)
Age category    
 1-28 days (neonate) 0.87 0.12 0.55
(0.47, 1.62) (0.04, 0.35) (0.28, 1.07)
 29-365 days (infant) 1.33 4.04 1.20
(0.82, 2.15) (2.32, 7.05) (0.64, 2.25)
 > 1–3 years (toddler) 0.96 2.45 1.81
(0.57, 1.60) (1.22, 4.91) (1.01, 3.26)
 > 3–6 years (preschooler) 0.98 1.29 0.47
(0.57, 1.68) (0.55, 3.02) (0.18, 1.23)
 > 6-13 years (school-age) 0.84 1.95 0.94
(0.58, 1.23) (1.11, 3.43) (0.57, 1.55)
 > 13- ≤ 18 years (adolescent) 1 1 1
Sex    
 Male 0.77 1.65 1.21
(0.59, 1.02) (1.17, 2.33) (0.83, 1.76)
 Female 1 1 1
Socioeconomic status (IRSD)    
 Least disadvantaged 1.13 0.90 0.70
(0.85, 1.50) (0.65, 1.25) (0.48, 1.03)
 Most disadvantaged 1 1 1
Residence (ARIA+)    
 Major city 1.19 1.06 1.00
(0.87, 1.63) (0.74, 1.52) (0.67, 1.50)
 Regional or remote 1 1 1
Admission type    
 Emergency 7.78 3.46 0.38
(5.10, 11.86) (2.32, 5.18) (0.26, 0.55)
 Elective 1 1 1
Season    
 Autumn 1.14 0.74 1.02
(0.77, 1.69) (0.48, 1.15) (0.61, 1.73)
 Winter 1.09 0.65 1.27
(0.73, 1.64) (0.42, 1.03) (0.77, 2.09)
 Spring 1.09 0.90 0.87
(0.73, 1.64) (0.58, 1.42) (0.50, 1.52)
 Summer 1 1 1
  1. Note. Multivariable Poisson generalised linear regression analyses, length of stay as log offset and adjusted for year of admission. IRSD = index of relative socio-economic disadvantage; ARIA + =geographic measure of remoteness. Results in bold indicate statistical significance at p < .05.
  2. a Length of stay not used as an offset variable.