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Table 4 Multiple logistic regression analyses of providers characteristics and experiences (at individual level) in relation to optimal-resource-use domains

From: Performance evaluation of a health insurance in Nigeria using optimal resource use: health care providers perspectives

  Administrative efficiency Active monitoring mechanisms Provider payment mechanisms Benefit package
  Prompt arrival of insurance funds Promptness of referral system Claims review Capitation payment Fee-for-service payment Benefit package inclusions
  P-value OR (95% CI) P-value OR (95% CI) P-value OR (95% CI) P-value OR (95% CI) P-value OR (95% CI) P-value OR (95% CI)
Providers profession     0.05               
 Non-medical     Ref.               
 Medical     1.67 1.02 2.78             
Number of enrolees in providers facility 0.005       0.01            
 >1000 Ref       Ref            
 ≤1000 0.28 0.11 0.68     2.40 1.20 4.80          
12-month contacts with enrolees              0.014    0.008   
 Every 2 weeks              Ref.    Ref.   
 Weekly              0.46 0.25 0.85 4.48 1.47 13.68
Improved waiting times of enrolees 0.03    0.03             0.002   
 No Ref.    Ref.             Ref.   
 Yes 2.47 1.07 5.69 1.81 1.05 3.11           5.53 1.84 16.59
Receive enrolees list quarterly        0.05            
 No        Ref.            
 Yes        0.55 0.32 0.98          
Overall annual inspection     <0.0001          <0.0001      
 No     Ref.          Ref.      
 Yes     4.42 2.02 9.68        4.37 2.57 7.43    
12-month contact with referral     0.005               
 ≥ 2 months     Ref.               
 Monthly     2.13 1.25 3.63             
12-month funds available 0.005                  
 Every 4 months Ref.                  
 Monthly 3.50 1.46 8.36                
3-year funds available 0.05          0.031         
 Every 4 months Ref.          Ref.         
 Monthly 2.43 1.02 5.89        2.71 1.10 6.68       
Information on entitlement available        <0.0001       <0.0001      
 Disagree        Ref.       Ref.      
 Agree        82.99 37.46 183.85     4.63 2.56 8.36    
NHIS to revise capitation payment        <0.0001       0.004      
 Disagree        Ref.       Ref.      
 Agree        0.15 0.06 0.35     0.16 0.05 0.57    
Providers ratings of capitation amounts 0.002    0.002       <0.0001         
 Bad Ref.    Ref.       Ref.         
 Good 3.40 1.55 7.47 2.22 1.34 3.69     7.13 2.70 18.86       
n 466    466    466    466    466    466   
R2 0.213    0.118    0.424    0.142    0.161    0.123   
Model test: LR χ2 50.74; p < 0.001   54.55; p < 0.001 260.41; p < 0.001   25.23; p < 0.001   99.53; p < 0.001   15.46; p < 0.001  
log likelihood −93.81   −204.24 −177.17   −76.024   −259.65   −55.13