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Table 6 Factors influencing the total direct financial cost (in USD a ) in the management of an episode of illness, Lubumbashi 2010

From: Health-seeking behaviour in the city of Lubumbashi, Democratic Republic of the Congo: results from a cross-sectional household survey

Variables n = 95b Median cost (Q1-Q3) 95% CI
Age    
  ≤ 4 18 2.6 (1.0-11.5) 0.0-6.5
  ≥ 5 77 8.9 (2.5-18.3) 6.0-11.7
Sex    
  Male 39 8.7 (1.7-21.5) 3.6-13.7
  Female 56 6.5 (2.4-14.3) 4.0-9.0
First therapeutic option    
  Informal 57 5.7 (1.3-13.5) 2.5-8.8
  Formal 38 8.9 (1.8-19.4) 5.2-12.6
Number of therapeutic options used    
  1 58 3.3 (1.7-13.3) 0.0-11.6
  2 32 7.4 (1.7-23.4) 2.3-12.6
  3 5 8.8 (2.5-15.0) 6.2-11.4
Health problems    
  Malaria syndrome 31 3.9 (1.0-15.8) 1.1-6.7
  Respiratory tract syndrome 23 8.9 (2.7-13.7) 6.0-11.8
  WHS complex 15 10.7 (3.5-26.9) 3.4-17.9
  Others 26 7.5 (2.0-14.7) 4.8-10.2
Level of education of household head    
  Illiterate and primary education 22 11.3 (2.6-18.8) 5.8-16.7
  Secondary education 48 5.3 (1.1-17.1) 1.6-8.9
  Higher education 25 9.8 (3.3-15.6) 5.9-13.6
Socioeconomic status of the household    
  1 (Poorest) 20 8.8 (4.6-15.4) 5.0-12.6
  2 23 9.4 (1.7-24.6) 1.9-17.0
  3 17 6.1 (1.7-36.1) 0.0-19.3
  4 20 8.2 (2.6-15.1) 3.8-12.7
  5 (Richest) 15 4.9 (1.7-11.6) 0.9-8.9
  1. a1USD = 900 Congolese Francs.
  2. bThis figure represents the number of surveyed patients whose disease episode was finished at the time of survey, and who indicated the total amount spent during the episode.