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Table 2 Knowledge of NNJ among mothers attending routine prenatal clinics in Nigeria (n = 431)

From: Pattern and predictors of maternal care-seeking practices for severe neonatal jaundice in Nigeria: a multi-centre survey

Responses Abuja Lagos Port Harcourt Total
n = 85 (%) n = 136 (%) n = 210 (%) n (%)
Heard about jaundice from     
 Friend/Neighbour 15 (17.6) 37 (27.2) 46 (21.9) 98 (22.7)
 Health worker 57 (67.1) 61 (44.9) 131 (62.4) 249 (57.8)
 Relations 5 (5.9) 16 (11.8) 12 (5.7) 33 (7.7)
 Media 1 (1.2) 5 (3.7) 7 (3.3) 13 (3.0)
 Other 7 (8.2) 17 (12.5) 14 (6.7) 38 (8.8)
Can recognise baby with jaundice     
 No 17 (20.0) 47 (34.6) 58 (27.6) 122 (28.3)
 Yes 68 (80.0) 89 (65.4) 152 (72.4) 309 (71.7)
Where to look for in the baby     
 Eye, body or skin 68 (80.0) 89 (65.4) 152 (72.4) 309 (71.7)
 Not stated 17 (20.0) 47 (34.6) 58 (27.6) 122 (28.3)
What would be seen in baby     
 Yellowish discolouration 53 (62.4) 75 (55.1) 142 (67.6) 270 (62.6)
 Other 13 (15.3) 11 (8.1) 10 (4.8) 34 (7.9)
 Not stated 19 (22.4) 50 (36.8) 58 (27.6) 127 (29.5)
Possible effects of severe jaundice in a baby     
 Poor feeding 8 (9.4) 28 (20.6) 58 (27.6) 94 (21.8)
 Irritable 4 (4.7) 12 (8.8) 11 (5.2) 27 (6.3)
 Abnormal cry 15 (17.6) 12 (8.8) 22 (10.5) 49 (11.4)
 Abnormal body stretching 6 (7.1) 12 (8.8) 12 (5.7) 30 (7.0)
 Abnormal eye movement 9 (10.6) 15 (11.0) 16 (7.6) 40 (9.3)
 Other 7 (8.2) 2 (1.5) 6 (2.9) 15 (3.5)
 Not stated 36 (42.4) 55 (40.4) 85 (40.5) 176 (40.7)
Possible dangers of jaundice     
 Death 22 (25.9) 71 (52.2) 65 (31.0) 158 (36.6)
 Disability 30 (35.3) 21 (15.4) 49 (23.3) 100 (23.2)
 Death/Disability 7 (8.2) 13 (9.6) 36 (17.1) 56 (13.0)
 Other 3 (3.5) 3 (2.2) 9 (4.3) 15 (3.5)
 Not stated 23 (27.1) 28 (20.6) 51 (24.3) 102 (23.7)
Possible causes of jaundice     
 Infections 15 (17.6) 2 (1.5) 9 (4.3) 26 (6.0)
 Malaria/Fever 23 (27.1) 31 (22.8) 74 (35.2) 128 (29.7)
 Prematurity 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 6 (2.9) 6 (1.4)
 ABO/Rhesus incompatibility 0 (0.0) 1 (0.7) 2 (1.0) 3 (0.7)
 Others 18 (21.2) 11 (8.8) 27 (12.9) 56 (13.0)
 Not stated 29 (34.1) 91 (66.9) 92 (43.8) 212 (49.2)
Planned place of delivery     
 Same hospital 51 (60.0) 113 (83.1) 158 (75.2) 322 (74.7)
 Other public hospital 20 (23.5) 20 (14.7) 27 (12.9) 67 (15.5)
 Private hospital 14 (16.5) 3 (2.2) 21 (10.0) 38 (8.8)
 Outside hospital 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 4 (1.9) 4 (0.9)
Possible use of haemolytic substances     
 Dusting powder 23 (27.1) 47 (34.6) 62 (29.5) 132 (30.6)
 Robb mentholated cream 17 (20.0) 9 (6.6) 13 (6.2) 39 (9.0)
 Eucalyptus oil 10 (11.8) 28 (20.6) 15 (7.1) 53 (12.3)
 Camphor on clothes 0 (0.0) 5 (3.7) 12 (5.7) 17 (3.9)
 Not stated 35 (41.2) 47 (34.6) 108 (51.4) 190 (44.1)