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Table 1 Number of consultations with a second physician (LEIF and not LEIF) since the euthanasia law, according to physicians characteristics (n = 244)

From: Nationwide survey to evaluate the decision-making process in euthanasia requests in Belgium: do specifically trained 2nd physicians improve quality of consultation?

  Number of physicians who consulted with a second physician after receiving request in FL and BXL (and % of total physicians in FL and BXL)* Total N = 170 (69.7%) p-value LEIF physician N = 51 (30.0%) Not LEIF physician or not known N = 119 (70.0%) p-value LEIF vs not LEIF
Specialty      
  General practitioners 118 (69.4) 0.764 42 (35.6) 76 (64.4) 0.010
  Specialist 51 (30.2)   9 (15.7) 43 (84.3)  
Physician’s age      
  Younger than 36 17 (10.1) 0.656 5 (29.4) 12 (70.6) 1.000
  36-50 years 74 (44.0) 0.022 14 (18.9) 60 (81.1) 0.017
  51-60 years 58 (34.5) 0.149 22 (37.9) 36 (62.1) 0.153
  Older than 60 19 (11.3) 0.526 9 (47.4) 10 (52.6) 0.114
Number of terminal patients cared for in 1 year      
  0 patients 12 (7.2) 0.202 6 (50.0) 6 (50.0) 0.102
  1 to 10 patients 114 (74.5) 0.255 35 (30.7) 79 (69.3) 1.000
  more than 10 patients 27 (17.6) 0.850 6 (22.2) 21 (77.8) 0.360
Religiosity      
  Not religious 57 (33.5) 0.176 19 (33.3) 38 (66.7) 0.595
  Religious 113 (66.5)   32 (28.3) 81 (71.7)  
Training in palliative care or member of palliative team      
  Yes 115 (67.6) 0.243 38 (33.0) 77 (67.0) 0.283
  No 55 (32.4)   13 (23.6) 42 (76.4)  
  1. *1 to 17 missing cases. FL = Flanders, BXL = Brussels.
  2. Comparison with physicians who did not consult. Fisher exact test for statistically significant differences between categories vs all other categories within the variable. Significant differences in bold.
  3. Fisher exact test for statistically significant differences between categories vs all other categories within the variable.