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Table 2 Utilization of PCEC

From: Factors associated with the utilization of primary care emergency centers in a Spanish region with high population dispersion: a mixed-methods study

  In the last 12 months, have you used a PCEC for a problem or disease?
VARIABLES Yes No Total
Individual variables n % N % n %
Sex       
  - Female 118 (5.46) 2043 (94.54) 2161 (50.46)
  - Male 145 (6.84) 1976 (93.16) 2121 (49.52)
Age       
  - 15–34 years old 112 (8.83) 1156 (91.17) 1268 (29.61)
  - 35–64 years old 101 (5.24) 1825 (94.76) 1926 (44.97)
  - 65 years old. and over 50 (4.60) 1038 (95.40) 1088 (25.40)
Reduction of regular activity       
  - No 223 (5.77) 3645 (94.23) 3868 (90.31)
  - Yes 40 (9.66) 374 (90.34) 414 (9.67)
Self-rated health       
  - Negative 94 (7.56) 1150 (92.44) 1244 (29.05)
  - Positive 169 (5.56) 2868 (94.44) 3037 (70.91)
Number of chronic conditions       
  None 119 (5.64) 1992 (94.36) 2111 (49.29)
  1-2 conditions 100 (6.49) 1441 (93.51) 1541 (35.98)
  Over 2 conditions 44 (6.98) 586 (93.02) 630 (14.71)
SES       
  - IV-V (low) 168 (7.52) 2066 (92.48) 2234 (52.16)
  - I-III (high) 95 (4.64) 1953 (95.36) 2048 (47.82)
Municipal-level variables       
Emergency care centers       
  - HES and PCEC 89 (4.26) 2001 (95.74) 2090 (48.80)
  - PCEC only 107 (11.24) 845 (88.76) 952 (22.23)
  - None 68 (5.48) 1173 (94.52) 1241 (28.98)
Average SES, tertiles       
  - T1 (lowest) 110 (8.04) 1259 (91.96) 1369 (31.96)
  - T2 92 (5.95) 1454 (94.05) 1546 (36.10)
  - T3 (highest) 62 (4.53) 1307 (95.47) 1369 (31.96)
% Households without a vehicle, tertiles       
  - T1 (up to 30%) 74 (4.97) 1414 (95.03) 1488 (34.74)
  - T2 (30-35%) 105 (7.68) 1262 (92.32) 1367 (31.92)
  - T3 (over 35%) 83 (5.82) 1343 (94.18) 1426 (33.29)
TOTAL 262 (6.12) 4019 (93.86) 4281 (100.00)
  1. Regional Health Survey of Castile and Leon, 2003.
  2. PCEC: Primary care emergency center; n: frecuency; SES: Socio-economic Status; HES: Hospital Emergency Services; T: tertiles.