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Table 2 Average CBSA population and market characteristics, 2005 and 2010

From: Association between the unemployment rate and inpatient cost per discharge by payer in the United States, 2005–2010

  All payers
  2005 2010
Population characteristics
Unemployment rate
Age16+ unemployed (%) 7.2 10.9
Education   
Age 25+ with Bachelors or more education (%) 23.5 23.9
Income   
Families with income below poverty (%) 10.7 11.8
Household income (mean) 55,755 59,666
Gini index 0.44 0.44
Population size   
Total population (n) 558,109 563,555
Population density (population per sq mile) (n) 242.9 244.9
Race/ethnicity   
White (%) 76.3 75.1
Black (%) 8.7 9.0
Hispanic (%) 9.8 10.5
Medicaid expenditures per beneficiary 4848.1 5521.3
Market characteristics
Herfindahl-Hirshman Index (0–100) 88.8 88.8
Discharges from a different CBSA (%) 0.20 0.22
Number of acute care hospital beds per 1000 capita (n) 1.6 1.6
Number of long-term care beds per 1000 capita (n) 0.2 0.1
Number of rehabilitation beds per 1000 capita (n) 0.1 0.1
Number of primary care MDs per 100,000 capita (n) 186.6 183.2
Emergency department visits per capita (n) 0.4 0.5
Proportion of acute care beds in high-technology hospitals (%) 0.2 0.3
Hospital compare quality composite score   
Heart attack (AMI) (composite score) 90.7 97.8
Heart failure (composite score) 73.2 94.4
Pneumonia (composite score) 79.5 94.9
CBSA, Core Based Statistical Area