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Table 3 Sources of underlying suffering of clients with face-to-face contact with a counsellor working with foundation De Einder (according to the counsellor)^*

From: Cross-sectional research into counselling for non-physician assisted suicide: who asks for it and what happens?

  TotalA(n = 595) Severe disease (n = 255) No (severe) disease (n = 280)  
  % % % P-valueB
Main source of underlying suffering X X X <0.001
  Physical suffering 42 55 30  
  Psychiatric suffering 23 35 8  
  Psychological suffering 16 7 26  
  No suffering at presence 19 4 36  
Clarification of suffering C Y X Y  
  Physical suffering     
  Problems of old age 17 9 27 <0.001
  Cancer 7 14 1 <0.001
  Dementia 6 11 1 <0.001
  Heart problems 4 4 4 0.788
  Rheumatism 3 5 1 0.017
  Lung problems 3 5 0 0.002
  Other physical problemsD 19 28 9 <0.001
  Psychiatric suffering     
  Depression 16 19 11 0.007
  Personality disorder 13 17 7 <0.001
  Fear Disorders 5 6 4 0.140
  Other Psychiatric problemsE 6 7 2 0.017
  Psychological suffering     
  Existential suffering (including weary of life/completed life) 19 10 29 <0.001
  Youth trauma (including child abuse) 6 6 5 0.412
  Loneliness 5 3 7 0.018
  Tiredness 3 4 3 0.320
  Other psychological problemsF 5 3 7 0.040
  No suffering at presence     
  Selfdetermination/Be prepared 9 2 16 <0.001
  Avoiding dependency 5 1 10 <0.001
  No diseases or complaints 5 0 10 <0.001
  1. ^= Percentages are rounded therefore the total does not always add up to 100% exactly.
  2. *= Missing observations between 1 and 53; missing is equal to or less than 5.0% (X) except for Y < 10.0%.
  3. A= Including 60 clients with unknown severity of/or disease.
  4. B= Pearson Chi-square test asymptotic significance 2-sided; p-value in bold means significant at a level of p=0.001.
  5. C= Categories add up to more than 100% because more than one clarification per client possible.
  6. D= Consisting of (amongst others): visual problems, cerebrovascular accident, osteoporosis/ortrosis, pain, multiple sclerosis, muscular disease.
  7. E= Consisting of (amongst others): post traumatic stress syndrome, autism, eating disorder, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder.
  8. F= Consisting of (amongst others): mourning, age, trauma, addiction, not wanting to suffer, financial problems.