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Table 1 Socio-demographic characteristics of sample (N;%)

From: Prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV in Kenya: challenges to implementation

  Variables Pumwani (N=325) Baba Dogo (N=178) Total (N=503) p
Age group 18-21 22-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40+ 9 (2.8) 32 (9.8) 101 (31.1) 98 (30.2) 62 (19.1) 23 (7.1) 20 (11.2) 46 (25.8) 66 (37.1) 32 (18.0) 11 (6.2) 3 (1.7) 29 (5.8) 78 (15.5) 167 (33.2) 130 (25.8) 73 (14.5) 26 (5.2) 0.000
  Total 325 (100.0) 178 (100.0) 503 (100.0)  
Ethnicity Kikuyu Luo Kamba Luhya Kisii/Kalenjin/Masai Other 101 (31.1) 97 (29.8) 47 (14.5) 36 (11.1) 15 (4.6) 29 (8.9) 13 (7.3) 126 (70.8) 13 (7.3) 21 (11.8) 4 (2.2) 1 (0.6) 114 (22.7) 223 (44.3) 60 (11.9) 57 (11.3) 19 (3.8) 30 (6.0) 0.000
  Total 325 (100.0) 178 (100.0) 503 (100.0)  
Education Primary Secondary Post-Secondary 154 (47.4) 121 (37.2) 50 (15.4) 113 (63.5) 55 (30.9) 10 (5.6) 267 (53.1) 176 (35.0) 60 (11.9) 0.000
  Total 325 (100.0) 178 (100.0) 503 (100.0)  
Marital status Single Married Divorced/Widowed/Separated 44 (13.5) 250 (76.9) 31 (9.5) 23 (12.9) 145 (81.5) 10 (5.6) 67 (13.3) 395 (78.5) 41 (8.2) 0.286
  Total 325 (100.0) 178 (100.0) 503 (100.0)  
Husband/partner’s profession Civil service Self-employed Missing Other 20 (6.2) 149 (45.8) 68 (20.9) 88 (27.1) 7 (3.9) 27 (15.2) 33 (18.5) 111 (62.4) 27 (5.4) 176 (35.0) 101 (20.1) 199 (39.6) 0.000
  Total 325 (100.0) 178 (100.0) 503 (100.0)  
Respondent’s profession Civil service Self-employed Caregiver Other 9 (2.8) 113 (34.8) 152 (46.8) 51 (15.7) 4 (2.2) 38 (21.3) 103 (57.9) 33 (18.5) 13 (2.6) 151 (30.0) 255 (50.7) 84 (16.7) 0.016
  Total 325 (100.0) 178 (100.0) 503 (100.0)  
Monthly income < 5,000 KSH 5,000 - <10,000 KSH 10,000 - <15,000 KSH 15,000+ KSH 149 (45.8) 85 (26.2) 38 (11.7) 53 (16.3) 76 (42.7) 63 (35.4) 23 (12.9) 16 (9.0) 225 (44.7) 148 (29.4) 61 (12.1) 69 (13.7) 0.042
  Total 325 (100.0) 178 (100.0) 503 (100.0)  
How long lived in area <1 Year 1 - <2 Years 2 - < Years 3+ Years 55 (16.9) 30 (9.2) 33 (10.2) 207 (63.7) 54 (30.3) 21 (11.8) 21 (11.8) 82 (46.1) 109 (21.7) 51 (10.1) 54 (10.7) 289 (57.5) 0.001
  Total 325 (100.0) 178 (100.0) 503 (100.0)