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Table 3 PMTCT characteristics (N;%)

From: Prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV in Kenya: challenges to implementation

  Variables Pumwani (N=325) Baba Dogo (N=178) Total (N=503) p
Number of ANC visits, current pregnancy <4 4+ 272 (84.7) 49 (15.3) 171 (96.1) 7 (3.9) 443 (88.8) 56 (11.2) 0.000
  Total 321 (100.0) 178 (100.0) 499 (100.0)  
Gestational age at first ANC visit ≤20 weeks 21-28 weeks >28 weeks 38 (11.7) 155 (47.7) 53 (40.6) 21 (11.8) 104 (58.4) 53 (29.8) 59 (11.7) 259 (51.5) 185 (36.8) 0.044
  Total 325 (100.0) 178 (100.0) 503 (100.0)  
Told about PMTCT, 1st ANC visit No Yes 49 (15.2) 274 (84.8) 21 (11.8) 157 (88.2) 70 (14.0) 431 (86.0) 0.297
  Total 321 (100.0) 178 (100.0) 501 (100.0)  
Given nevirapine, 1st ANC visit No Yes 194 (77.6) 56 (22.4) 138 (84.1) 26 (15.9) 332 (80.2) 82 (19.8) 0.102
  Total 250 (100.0) 164 (100.0) 414 (100.0)  
Discussed contraception with health care provider, current pregnancy No Yes 236 (73.07) 87 (36.93) 108 (60.67) 70 (39.33) 344 (68.66) 157 (31.34) 0.004
  Total 323 (100.0) 178 (100.0) 501 (100.0)  
Current pregnancy was planned No Yes 142 (43.96) 181 (56.04) 108 (60.67) 70 (39.33) 250 (49.9) 251 (50.1) 0.000
  Total 323 (100.0) 178 (100.0) 501 (100.0)  
Timing of disclosure Immediately Within 1 year >1 year No response 207 (63.7) 24 (7.4) 19 (5.8) 75 (23.1) 99 (55.6) 19 (10.7) 7 (3.9) 53 (29.7) 306 (60.8) 43 (8.5) 26 (5.2) 128 (25.5) 0.000
  Total 325 (100.0) 178 (100.0) 503 (100.0)  
Reasons for disclosure Partner health Own health Child health Family support Other 134 (53.2) 41 (16.3) 8 (3.2) 12 (4.8) 57 (22.6) 68 (54.0) 26 (20.6) 4 (3.2) 14 (11.1) 14 (11.1) 202 (53.4) 67 (17.7) 12 (3.2) 26 (6.9) 71 (18.8) 0.019
  Total 252 (100.0) 126 (100.0) 378 (100.0)  
Awareness of partner’s status Negative Positive Don't know 74 (27.1) 110 (40.3) 89 (32.6) 27 (17.9) 52 (34.4) 72 (47.7) 101 (23.8) 162 (38.2) 161 (38.0) 0.006
  Total 273 (100.0) 151 (100.0) 424 (100.0)  
Tested for TB, current pregnancy No Yes 286 (88.5) 37 (11.5) 163 (91.6) 15 (8.4) 449 (89.6) 52 (10.4) 0.288
  Total 323 (100.0) 178 (100.0) 501 (100.0)  
Tested for TB, previous pregnancy No Yes 246 (89.8) 28 (10.2) 137 (87.8) 19 (12.2) 383 (89.1) 47 (10.9) 0.531
  Total 274 (100.0) 156 (100.0) 430 (100.0)  
TB discussed, current pregnancy No Yes 274 (84.6) 50 (15.4) 144 (80.9) 34 (19.1) 418 (83.3) 84 (16.7) 0.292
  Total 324 (100.0) 178 (100.0) 502 (100.0)