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Table 3 Distribution of length of stay predictors by socioeconomic status measure among study sample (n = 434) §

From: Socioeconomic status and hospital utilization among younger adult pneumonia admissions at a Canadian hospital

Individual-level financial hardship
Characteristic Income assistance or provincial disability pension (n = 148) n (%) No income assistance or provincial disability pension (n = 286) n (%) p-value
Mean Age, +/- SD 43.9, +/- 11.9 45.7, +/- 13.0 NS
Male 93 (63) 152 (53) 0.05
Mean PSI, +/- SD 75.5, +/- 37.4 68.1, +/- 31.8 <0.05
Co-morbid Dx >1 8 (5) 7 (2) NS
Documented ADL problem 11 (7) 8 (3) <0.05
Living alone 61 (41) 46 (16) <0.001
Neighbourhood-level income quintile
  Quintile 1 (n = 183) Quintiles 2–5 (n = 227) p-value
Mean Age, +/- SD 44.7, +/- 12.9 45.6, +/- 12.6 NS
Male 102 (56) 129 (57) NS
Mean PSI, +/- SD 73.9, +/- 35.8 68.1, +/- 32.4 NS
Co-morbid Dx > 1 7 (4) 8 (4) NS
Documented ADL problem 10 (5) 8 (4) NS
Living alone 40 (22) 53 (23) NS
  1. § Adult pneumonia admissions <65 years to Vancouver General Hospital, January 1, 1990 to March 31, 2001
  2. SD = standard deviation; NS = not significant; PSI = pneumonia severity index;
  3. Co-morbid Dx = co-morbidity diagnoses; ADL = activities of daily living