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Table 5 Adjusted percent differences (95% CI) in LOS by SES measure among study sample (n = 434) §

From: Socioeconomic status and hospital utilization among younger adult pneumonia admissions at a Canadian hospital

SES measure Adjusted % difference in LOS (95% CI) p-value R2 SES measure R2 model
Individual-level financial hardship (n = 434) ╪     
Yes 15 (-0.4, +32) 0.057 0.028 0.245
No (reference)     
Neighbourhood-level income quintiles (n = 410)    
1 -11 (-27, +8) NS 0.004 0.248
2 6 (-16, +33) NS   
3 4 (-21, +37) NS   
4 13 (-13, 46) NS   
5 (reference)     
  1. § Adult pneumonia admissions <65 years to Vancouver General Hospital, January 1, 1990 to March 31, 2001
  2. ╪ Model adjusted for PSI, 15% (+11,+20); # co-morbidities, 24% (+10,+40); documented ADL problem, 85% (+34,+154); living alone, 20% (+3,+41); year of admission, -5% (-7,-3)
  3. ╠ Model adjusted for PSI, 15% (+11,+20); # co-morbidities, 24% (+9,+40); documented ADL problem, 96% (+42,+171); living alone, 24% (+5,+45); year of admission, -5% (-7,-3)
  4. SES = socioeconomic status; LOS = length of stay; 95% CI = 95% confidence interval; NS = not significant; PSI = pneumonia severity index; ADL = activities of daily living