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Table 3 Comparison of changes at 6 months after welfare rights assessment* by award group

From: Using quantitative and qualitative data in health services research – what happens when mixed method findings conflict? [ISRCTN61522618]

  No benefits (n = 46) Non-financial benefit (n=21) Financial benefit (n = 50)  
  Mean (SD) Mean (SD) Mean (SD) P Value**
Health     
SF36 – Physical 0.8 (7.6) -0.1 (5.5) 1.9 (6.6) 0.5
SF36 – Mental 0.8 (8.3) 1.7 (7.5) 0.3 (7.0) 0.8
HAD – Anxiety -0.4 (1.9) -0.6 (2.7) -0.1 (2.8) 0.7
HAD – Depression 0.3 (2.5) 1.6 (2.3) 1.1 (2.5) 0.1
Health related behaviour     
Fruit and vegetable intake 0.5 (8.3) -0.6 (7.6) 0.1 (9.9) 0.9
Protein intake 0.7 (5.1) -0.5 (5.8) 1.2 (5.0) 0.5
Alcohol (units) -1.1 (12.6) -1.4 (9.4) 0.1 (12.4) 0.9
Psycho-social     
Social interaction -0.2 (3.2) -0.1 (3.6) 0.2 (3.0) 0.8
Self Esteem Inventory 0.5 (4.1) -0.1 (3.0) 0.4 (3.3) 0.3
Socio-economic     
Financial vulnerability -0.7 (3.0) -0.3 (3.0) -1.3 (2.7) 0.3
Standard of Living Index 0.4 (0.8) 0.1 (0.8) 0.1 (1.0) 0.4
  1. *Changes are over 0–6 months in intervention group and 6–12 months in control group
  2. **Testing for equal mean changes using ANOVA