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Table 6 Bivariate Analysis: Predictors of Opiate Misuse for Subset of Patients with Misuse other than Stimulants on UTS (N = 37)

From: Predictors of opioid misuse in patients with chronic pain: a prospective cohort study

  Non-Misusers Misusers RR (95% CI)
Age 53.9 46.1  
% Male 38.1 59.5 1.97 (1.10–3.52)
% Positive Urine Cannabinoids 16.3 46.7 2.87 (1.68–4.88)
% History of Cocaine Abuse 15.5 47.8 3.10 (1.60–5.96)
% History of Ethanol Abuse 15.8 34.1 2.15 (1.20–3.85)
% Current Smoker 50.4 67.6 1.34 (1.013–1.78)
% Multiple Drug Convictions 20.4 75.0 3.68 (1.94–6.99)
% Drug or DUI conviction 17.9 42.3 2.36 (1.34–4.16)