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Table 1 Bivariate and multivariate associations of baseline factors with self-reported diabetes.

From: Self-reported diabetes is associated with self-management behaviour: a cohort study

Predictor Frequency of self-reported diabetes (%) Weighted bivariate OR (95% CI) Weighted multivariate OR (95% CI)
Sex Male 681/886 (77) 1.00 ref 1.00 ref
  Female 675/926 (73) 0.72 (0.52–0.98) 0.63 (0.44–0.87)
Age 18–44 150/212 (71) 0.70 (0.44–1.12) 0.93 (0.54–1.73)
  45–64 490/641 (76) 1.00 (0.69–1.44) 1.22 (0.81–1.86)
  65 + 716/959 (75) 1.00 ref 1.00 ref
Marital status Married 750/1012 (74) 1.00 ref 1.00 ref
  Widowed/Divorced 478/631 (76) 1.26 (0.90–1.84) 1.31 (0.89–2.00)
  Single 128/169 (76) 1.17 (0.70–2.10) 1.24 (0.68–2.32)
Immigrant No 1056/1393 (76) 1.00 ref 1.00 ref
  Yes 300/419 (72) 0.76 (0.53–1.08) 0.80 (0.52–1.20)
Race White 1239/1641 (76) 1.00 ref 1.00 ref
  Non-White 117/171 (68) 0.82 (0.51–1.28) 1.03 (0.60–1.72)
Rural residence No 1072/1442 (74) 1.00 ref 1.00 ref
  Yes 284/370 (77) 1.52 (1.10–2.22) 1.59 (1.06–2.41)
Education level Less than high school 603/790 (76) 1.00 ref 1.00 ref
  Graduated high school 232/310 (75) 0.94 (0.58–1.52) 1.04 (0.64–1.72)
  Some post-secondary 85/111 (77) 1.02 (0.57–1.99) 0.91 (0.46–1.81)
  Graduated post-secondary 436/601 (73) 0.93 (0.64–1.33) 0.97 (0.63–1.49)
Income quintile Lowest 337/434 (78) 1.00 ref 1.00 ref
  2 305/421 (72) 0.65 (0.40–1.09) 0.63 (0.36–1.08)
  3 272/364 (75) 0.74 (0.44–1.20) 0.78 (0.45–1.30)
  4 235/319 (74) 0.75 (0.44–1.27) 0.78 (0.45–1.35)
  Highest 207/274 (76) 0.79 (0.46–1.29) 0.81 (0.45–1.41)
Diabetes duration 6 months to 2 years 164/269 (61) 1.00 ref 1.00 ref
  2 to 5 years 335/479 (70) 1.56 (0.96–2.49) 1.78 (1.07–2.89)
  5+ years 857/1064 (81) 2.69 (1.62–4.13) 2.82 (1.66–4.43)
Other chronic conditions 0 756/1031 (73) 1.00 ref 1.00 ref
  1 405/529 (77) 1.40 (0.98–2.05) 1.19 (0.80–1.85)
  2 or more 195/252 (77) 1.19 (0.70–2.16) 1.01 (0.60–1.91)
Microvascular disease No 1316/1769 (74) 1.00 ref 1.00 ref
  Yes 40/43 (93) 1.85 (0.54–8) 1.83 (0.77–8)
Macrovascular disease No 1240/1674 (74) 1.00 ref 1.00 ref
  Yes 116/138 (84) 1.22 (0.69–2.57) 0.81 (0.41–1.84)
Family physician visits 0 to 6 585/812 (72) 1.00 ref 1.00 ref
  7 to 12 328/422 (78) 1.25 (0.86–1.87) 1.31 (0.87–2.09)
  13 or more 443/578 (77) 1.24 (0.85–1.91) 1.18 (0.76–2.01)
Specialist visits No 917/1271 (72) 1.00 ref 1.00 ref
  Yes 439/541 (81) 1.90 (1.34–2.79) 1.95 (1.34–2.96)