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Table 1 Patients' characteristics of the derivation cohort (n = 349)

From: A predictive score to identify hospitalized patients' risk of discharge to a post-acute care facility

Characteristics of the patients    p
  Discharged to a PAC facility Discharged home  
  n = 104 30% n = 245 70%  
Age: mean (± SD) 71 (14) 62 (18) < 0.001
Number of men (%) 47 (47%) 113 (52%) 0.45
Number of patients living alone (%) 62 (60%) 101 (41%) 0.002
Number of patients whose partner provided home help (%) 27 (26%) 109 (44%) 0.001
Number of formal care providers at home: mean (± SD)* 2.0 (1.1) 1.6 (1.0) 0.04
Number of informal care providers at home: mean (± SD) 1.4 (0.6) 1.3 (0.5) 0.45
Number of drugs prior admission: mean (± SD) 5.0 (3.3) 4.1 (3.2) 0.02
Number of hospital stays in the past 3 months: mean (± SD) 0.4 (0.7) 0.5 (1.1) 0.60
Number of emergency room visits in the past 3 months: mean (± SD) 0.2 (0.7) 0.2 (0.6) 0.79
Number of patients admitted from other hospital services (%) 29 (28%) 28 (11%) <0.001
Number of self-reported ADL disabilities upon admission: mean (± SD) 1.8 (2.2) 0.5 (1.2) <0.001
Number of self-reported IAD§ disabilities upon admission: mean (± SD) 2.5 (2.0) 1.1 (1.6) <0.001
Number of active medical problems on admission: mean (± SD) 3.6 (1.5) 2.7 (1.3) <0.001
Charlson comorbidity index: mean (± SD) 2.1 (2.0) 1.8 (2.0) 0.20
Mini Mental State score on admission: mean (± SD)|| 24.5 (4.3) 25.7 (3.5) 0.05
Number of ADL disabilities on day 3: mean (± SD)** 3.8 (2.8) 1.2 (2.2) <0.001
Length of hospital stay: mean (± SD) 13.2 (7.8) 10.1 (6.4) < 0.001
  1. *only for people receiving professional home care (n = 104)
  2. only for people receiving informal home care (n = 271)
  3. ADL: Activities of daily living
  4. § IADL: Instrumental activities of daily living
  5. ||only for people aged 65 and over (n = 175)
  6. **only for people assessed on day 3 by nurse staff (n = 299)