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Table 3 Health Seeking Behaviour for Tuberculosis among the TB patients attending DOTS clinics in Dar es Salaam

From: The magnitude and factors associated with delays in management of smear positive tuberculosis in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania

Areas of Health Seeking Behaviours studied Male n/N (%) Female n/N (%) Total n/N (%)
Severity of the disease    
Severe disease 73/376 (19.4) 62/244 (25.4) 135/620 (21.8)
Facilities where health advice were sought    
Regional hospital 4(1.0) 7 (2.8) 11 (1.7)
District hospital 101 (26.2) 73 (29.4) 174 (27.5)
Mission hospital 9 (2.3) 6 (2.4) 15 (2.4)
Health centre 60 (15.6) 26 (10.5) 86 (13.6)
Dispensary 138(35.8) 94 (37.9) 232 (36.7)
Private practitioner 48 (12.5) 37 (14.9) 85 (13.4)
Traditional healer 1 (0.3) 2 (0.8) 3 (0.5)
Pharmacy 21(5.5) 3 (1.2) 24 (3.8)
Other 3 (0.8) 0 (0) 3 (0.5)
Total 385 248 633
Delays    
Patient delay, > 30 days 114/362 (31.5) 93/227 (41.0) 207/589 (35.1)*
Referral delay > 2 days 231/268 (86.2) 157/166 (94.6) 388/434 (89.4)**
Diagnostic delay > 3 days 131/279 (47.0) 113/182 (62.1) 244/461 (52.9)***
Treatment delay > 1 day 125/344 (36.3) 67/216(31.0) 192/560 (34.3)
Facility delay > 5 days 289/362 (79.8) 199/224 (88.8) 488/586 (83.3)****
1st sputum collection delay > 0 days 206/330 (62.4) 142/211 (67.3) 348/541 (64.3)
1st sputum collection delay > 1 days 112/330 (33.9) 92/211 (43.6) 204/541 (37.7)*****
2nd sputum collection delay > 1 days 38/358 (10.6) 20/239 (8.4) 58/597 (9.7)
3rd sputum collection delay > 0 days 186/356 (52.2) 139/237 (58.6) 325/593 (54.8)
3rd sputum collection delay > 1 days 15/341 (4.2) 9/228 (3.8) 24/569(4.0)
  1. Severe disease was patient's perspective of their general conditions at the time of first attendance to a health facility.
  2. *Pearson Chi-Square (x2) = 5.49, d.f. = 1, p = 0.019.
  3. **Pearson Chi-Square (x2) = 7.60, d.f = 1, p = 0.009.
  4. ***Pearson Chi-Square (x2) = 10.12, d.f = 1 p = 0.001.
  5. ****Pearson Chi-Square (x2) = 8.06, D.f = 1, p = 0.005.
  6. *****Pearson Chi-Square (x2) = 5.11, D.f = 1, p = 0.024.