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Table 3 Information about eye examination and frequency of eye and vision examination (n = 1,352), n (%)

From: Care of vision and ocular health in diabetic members of a national diabetes organization: A cross-sectional study

  All patients (n = 1,352) Type 1 (n = 451) Type 2 (n = 901)
Informed about the importance of eye examination*/‡,§ 1,169 (86.8) 433 (96.2) 736 (82.1)
Source of information not mutually exclusive*       
General practitioner§ 678 (58.0) 205 (47.3) 473 (64.3)
Ophthalmologist 515 (44.1) 202 (46.7) 313 (42.5)
Hospital§ 338 (28.9) 224 (51.7) 114 (15.5)
Other medical practitioner§ 114 (9.8) 95 (21.9) 19 (2.6)
Optometrist 93 (8.0) 41 (9.5) 52 (7.1)
Leaflets/Journal of the Norwegian Diabetes Association 298 (25.5) 136 (31.4) 162 (22.0)
Diabetes patient education course 218 (18.6) 77 (17.8) 218 (18.6)
Media 68 (5.8) 24 (5.5) 44 (6.0)
Other persons with diabetes§ 94 (8.0) 47 (10.9) 47 (6.4)
First eye examination after diagnosis †,§       
Within 1 year 538 (40.3) 121 (26.9) 417 (47.1)
Within 1–5 years 433 (32.5) 138 (30.7) 295 (33.3)
After more than 5 years 221 (16.6) 140 (31.2) 81 (9.2)
Never examined 74 (5.5) 6 (1.3) 68 (7.7)
Unsure 68 (5.1) 44 (9.8) 24 (2.7)
Regular eye examination reported by one or more methods ‡,§       
   Eye examination by one or more methods 1,141 (85.4) 416 (92.7) 725 (81.7)
   Examination by ophthalmologist 965 (84.6) 339 (81.5) 626 (86.3)
   Fundusphotography 443 (38.8) 202 (48.6) 241 (33.2)
   Examination by optometrist 90 (7.9) 30 (7.2) 60 (8.3)
   Examination by general practitioner 21 (1.8) 6 (1.4) 15 (2.1)
Regular vision examination reported by one or more methods       
   by one or more methods 1,161 (85.9) 386 (85.6) 775 (86.0)
   by ophthalmologist 979 (84.3) 330 (85.5) 649 (83.7)
   by optometrist 252 (21.7) 84 (21.8) 168 (21.7)
   by other health care provider 33 (2.8) 18 (4.7) 15 (1.9)
   by medical doctor 29 (2.5) 8 (2.1) 21 (2.7)
  1. Missing data for *5,18, 16 responders.
  2. Pearson chi-square § p < 0.001 between type 1 and type 2 diabetics.
  3. Journal of the Norwegian Diabetes Association