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Table 3 Relative risks (RR) of pharmaceutical expenses, by immigrant status, adjusted for age (Multinomial regression). Patients under 65 years old.

From: Differences in pharmaceutical consumption and expenses between immigrant and Spanish-born populations in Lleida, (Spain): A 6-months prospective observational study

Grup of expenditure RR * p-value 95% CI
Men    
Low expenditure    
Spanish-born versus immigrants 1.2 0.12 (0.9, 1.5)
Moderate expenditure    
Spanish-born versus immigrants 2.4 <0.001 (1.9, 3.2)
High expenditure    
Spanish-born versus immigrants 6.9 <0.001 (4.2, 11.5)
Women    
Low expenditure    
Spanish-born versus immigrants 1.6 <0.001 (1.3, 1.9)
Moderate expenditure    
Spanish-born versus immigrants 2.3 <0.001 (1.8, 2.9)
High expenditure    
Spanish-born versus immigrants 5.3 <0.001 (3.5, 8.0)
  1. (*) Relative Risk (RR) refers to the comparison of the categories mentioned with respect to not having any pharmaceutical expenditure. CI: confidence interval.
  2. Note: The category of low expenditure corresponds to the quantity of 0.1€–20€, moderate expenditure is 20€–150€ and high expenditure is 150€ and higher.