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Table 4 Linear regression estimates of the logarithm of the pharmaceutical expenses by immigrant status, adjusted for age. Patients under 65 years old.

From: Differences in pharmaceutical consumption and expenses between immigrant and Spanish-born populations in Lleida, (Spain): A 6-months prospective observational study

Medication group Coefficient Ratio of expenses between Spanish-born and immigrant individuals * exp(coefficient) p-value CI (95%)
Men     
Hypertension or cardiac insufficiency 0.17 1.19 0.60 (-0.45, 0.79)
Insulin -0.11 0.90 0.84 (-1.15, 0.94)
Oral anti-diabetics 0.41 1.51 0.40 (-0.56, 1.38)
Hyperlipemia 0.58 1.79 0.05 (0.01, 1.14)
Asthma or COPD 0.26 1.30 0.43 (-0.39, 0.91)
Mental health 1.29 3.63 <0.001 (0.63, 1.94)
Osteoarticular 0.20 1.22 0.02 (0.03, 0.37)
Ulcerative pathology 0.54 1.72 0.003 (0.19, 0.89)
Infectious pathology 0.33 1.39 0.001 (0.14, 0.52)
Women     
Hypertension or cardiac insufficiency 0.52 1.68 0.02 (0.08, 0.95)
Insulin 0.72 2.05 0.20 (-0.40, 1.84)
Oral anti-diabetics 0.88 2.41 0.07 (-0.07, 1.83)
Hyperlipemia 0.20 1.22 0.69 (-0.78, 1.18)
Asthma or COPD 0.34 1.40 0.35 (-0.37, 1.04)
Mental health 0.72 2.05 0.001 (0.28, 1.16)
Osteoarticular 0.19 1.21 0.08 (-0.02, 0.39)
Ulcerative pathology 0.36 1.43 0.01 (0.08, 0.65)
Infectious pathology 0.06 1.06 0.47 (-0.10, 0.22)
  1. * The values in this column indicate the number of times that a Spanish-born individual spends in medication in relation to an immigrant of the same age, sex and medical condition.