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Table 4 Factors associated with risk factor management practices- survey data

From: "Should I and Can I?": A mixed methods study of clinician beliefs and attitudes in the management of lifestyle risk factors in primary health care

Variable Univariate Analysis Odds Ratio (CI) Multivariate Analysis Odds Ratio (CI)
SMOKING   
Ask new clients about smoking   
Perceived client acceptability- low 1.00 (reference) 1.00 (reference)
Perceived client acceptability- high 8.9* (1.7–47.3) 13.1* (1.0–174.6)
Follow up progress   
Knowledge of adult education principles -low 1.00 (reference) 1.00 (reference)
Knowledge of adult education principles -moderate 18.7** (1.9–184) NS
Knowledge of adult education principles -high 19.3** (2.1–178) NS
Confidence in assessing nicotine dependency- low 1.00 (reference) 1.00 (reference)
Confidence in assessing nicotine dependency- high 16.5** (2.7–101.3) NS
Confidence in discussing smoking recommendations-low 1.00 (reference) 1.00 (reference)
Confidence in discussing smoking recommendations-high 7.6** (1.7–34.9) NS
NUTRITION   
Ask new clients about nutrition   
Clinician type – allied health 1.00 (reference) 1.0 (reference)
Clinician type – registered nurse 12.0* (1.3–106) 571.7* (2.4–135,890)
Confidence in assessing nutrition – low 1.00 (reference) 1.00 (reference)
Confidence in assessing nutrition – high 4.9** (1.5–15.5) NS
Confidence in discussing nutrition recommendations – low 1.00 (reference) 1.00 (reference)
Confidence in discussing nutrition recommendations – high 6.8** (2.1–22.4) NS
Work priority – low 1.00 (reference) 1.00 (reference)
Work priority – moderate 6.5** (1.1–38.6) NS
Work priority – high 7.8** (1.8–34.1) NS
Time spent discussing nutrition   
Knowledge of nutrition recommendations – low 1.00 (reference) 1.00 (reference)
Knowledge of nutrition recommendations – high 5.8** (1.0–17.9) NS
ALCOHOL   
Ask new clients about alcohol 1.00 (reference) 1.00 (reference)
Perceived client acceptability – low 9.8** (2.2–44.1) 8.0* (1.3–46.2)
Perceived client acceptability – high   
PHYSICAL ACTIVITY (PA)   
Ask new clients about PA   
Perceived client acceptability – low 1.00 (reference) 1.00 (reference)
Perceived client acceptability – high 11.5** (2.8–47.6) 9.7* (1.4–65.7)
Confidence in assessing PA – low 1.00 (reference) 1.00 (reference)
Confidence in assessing PA – high 4.7** (1.5–14.9) NS
Confidence in discussing PA recommendations- low 1.00 (reference) 1.00 (reference)
Confidence in discussing PA recommendations- high 7.6** (2.2–26.4) NS
Verbal advice about PA   
Perceived client acceptability – low 1.00 (reference) 1.00 (reference)
Perceived client acceptability – high 21.9** (2.3–187.0) 17.6* (1.6–189.5)
Time discussing PA   
Confidence in discussing PA recommendations- low 1.00 (reference) 1.00 (reference)
Confidence in discussing PA recommendations- high 5.2** (1.6–16.4) NS
Work priority – low 1.00 (reference) 1.00 (reference)
Work priority – high 9.2** (2.0–41.7) NS
Follow up progress with PA   
Knowledge of PA assessment- low 1.00 (reference) 1.00 (reference)
Knowledge of PA assessment -high 12.5** (2.4–64.0) NS
  1. * P < 0.05, **P < 0.01, NS: non significant. Only univariate results were P < 0.01 are reported in the table.